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Low-Carbon Development Patterns: Observations of Typical Chinese Cities
State Key Joint Laboratory of Environment Simulation and Pollution Control, School of Environment/ No. 19, Xinjiekouwai St., Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
School of Chinese Language and Culture/No. 19, Xinjiekouwai St., Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 November 2011; in revised form: 30 January 2012 / Accepted: 30 January 2012 / Published: 13 February 2012
Abstract: Threatened by the huge pressure caused by climate change, low-carbon cities have become an inevitable part of urban evolution. It is essential to evaluate urban low-carbon development levels to smoothly promote the construction of low-carbon cities. This paper proposes an evaluation index system for urban low-carbon development from the points of view of economic development and social progress, energy structure and usage efficiency, living consumption, and development surroundings. A weighted sum model was also established. Selecting 12 typical Chinese cities as cases studies, an integrated evaluation was conducted based on the index system and the assessment model. The development speed and limiting factors of different cities were also analyzed. The 12 cities were ultimately classified into three groups in terms of their low-carbon development patterns by integrating all of the analysis results. Furthermore, suitable regulation and management for different patterns were suggested. This study both aids in assessing the executive effect of low-carbon city construction and helps to determine existing problems and suggest effective solutions.
Keywords: low-carbon city; low-carbon development level; evaluation index; development patterns; carbon emission reduction
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MDPI and ACS Style
Su, M.; Liang, C.; Chen, B.; Chen, S.; Yang, Z. Low-Carbon Development Patterns: Observations of Typical Chinese Cities. Energies 2012, 5, 291-304.
Su M, Liang C, Chen B, Chen S, Yang Z. Low-Carbon Development Patterns: Observations of Typical Chinese Cities. Energies. 2012; 5(2):291-304.
Su, Meirong; Liang, Chen; Chen, Bin; Chen, Shaoqing; Yang, Zhifeng. 2012. "Low-Carbon Development Patterns: Observations of Typical Chinese Cities." Energies 5, no. 2: 291-304.