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Changing Lifestyles Towards a Low Carbon Economy: An IPAT Analysis for China
Energies 2012, 5(2), 291-304; doi:10.3390/en5020291

Low-Carbon Development Patterns: Observations of Typical Chinese Cities

1,* , 2
Received: 7 November 2011 / Revised: 30 January 2012 / Accepted: 30 January 2012 / Published: 13 February 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Low Carbon Transitions Worldwide)
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Threatened by the huge pressure caused by climate change, low-carbon cities have become an inevitable part of urban evolution. It is essential to evaluate urban low-carbon development levels to smoothly promote the construction of low-carbon cities. This paper proposes an evaluation index system for urban low-carbon development from the points of view of economic development and social progress, energy structure and usage efficiency, living consumption, and development surroundings. A weighted sum model was also established. Selecting 12 typical Chinese cities as cases studies, an integrated evaluation was conducted based on the index system and the assessment model. The development speed and limiting factors of different cities were also analyzed. The 12 cities were ultimately classified into three groups in terms of their low-carbon development patterns by integrating all of the analysis results. Furthermore, suitable regulation and management for different patterns were suggested. This study both aids in assessing the executive effect of low-carbon city construction and helps to determine existing problems and suggest effective solutions.
Keywords: low-carbon city; low-carbon development level; evaluation index; development patterns; carbon emission reduction low-carbon city; low-carbon development level; evaluation index; development patterns; carbon emission reduction
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Su, M.; Liang, C.; Chen, B.; Chen, S.; Yang, Z. Low-Carbon Development Patterns: Observations of Typical Chinese Cities. Energies 2012, 5, 291-304.

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