Energies 2012, 5(11), 4446-4461; doi:10.3390/en5114446
Article

Combustion Characteristics of Chlorine-Free Solid Fuel Produced from Municipal Solid Waste by Hydrothermal Processing

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Received: 3 September 2012; in revised form: 24 October 2012 / Accepted: 24 October 2012 / Published: 8 November 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Waste to Energy Technologies)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: An experimental study on converting municipal solid waste (MSW) into chlorine-free solid fuel using a combination of hydrothermal processing and water-washing has been performed. After the product was extracted from the reactor, water-washing experiments were then conducted to obtain chlorine-free products with less than 3000 ppm total chlorine content. A series of combustion experiments were then performed for the products before and after the washing process to determine the chlorine content in the exhaust gas and those left in the ash after the combustion process at a certain temperature. A series of thermogravimetric analyses were also conducted to compare the combustion characteristics of the products before and after the washing process. Due to the loss of ash and some volatile matter after washing process, there were increases in the fixed carbon content and the heating value of the product. Considering the possible chlorine emission, the washing process after the hydrothermal treatment should be necessary only if the furnace temperature is more than 800 °C.
Keywords: municipal solid waste; solid fuel production; hydrothermal treatment; combustion characteristics; chlorine removal; washing process
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MDPI and ACS Style

Indrawan, B.; Prawisudha, P.; Yoshikawa, K. Combustion Characteristics of Chlorine-Free Solid Fuel Produced from Municipal Solid Waste by Hydrothermal Processing. Energies 2012, 5, 4446-4461.

AMA Style

Indrawan B, Prawisudha P, Yoshikawa K. Combustion Characteristics of Chlorine-Free Solid Fuel Produced from Municipal Solid Waste by Hydrothermal Processing. Energies. 2012; 5(11):4446-4461.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Indrawan, Bayu; Prawisudha, Pandji; Yoshikawa, Kunio. 2012. "Combustion Characteristics of Chlorine-Free Solid Fuel Produced from Municipal Solid Waste by Hydrothermal Processing." Energies 5, no. 11: 4446-4461.

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