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Synthesis of Alcohols and Alkanes from CO and H2 over MoS2/γ-Al2O3 Catalyst in a Packed Bed with Continuous Flow
Graduate Institute of Environmental Engineering, National Taiwan University, 71, Chou-Shan Road, Taipei 106, Taiwan
Department of Environmental Engineering, National I-Lan University, I-Lan 260, Taiwan
Department of Chemical Engineering, National Taiwan University, 1, Section 4, Roosevelt Road, Taipei 106, Taiwan
Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tunghai University, Taichung 407, Taiwan
Department of Chemical Engineering and Biotechnology, National Taipei University of Technology, Taipei 106, Taiwan
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 August 2012; in revised form: 4 October 2012 / Accepted: 11 October 2012 / Published: 22 October 2012
Abstract: Effects of reaction conditions on the production of alcohols (AOHs) and alkanes (Alk) from CO and H2, which can be obtained from the gasification of biomass, using a molybdenum sulfide (MoS2)-based catalyst of MoS2/γ-Al2O3 were studied. A high-pressure fixed packed bed (HPFPB) was employed to carry out the reaction. The results indicate that the conversion of CO (XCO) and specific production rates of alcohol (SPRAOH) and alkane (SPRAlk) are highly depended on temperature (T). In T = 423–573 K, maximum yield of alcohols (YAOH) and SPRAOH occur at T = 523 K. In the meantime, well performance gives the selectivity of ethanol (SEtOH) of 52.0 C%. For the studies on varying H2/CO mole ratio (MH/C) from 1 to 4 at 523 K, the appropriate MH/C to produce EtOH is 2, giving higher ratios of SPRAOH/SPRAlk and YAOH/YAlk than those with other MH/C. As for varying the total gas flow rates (QG) of 300, 450, 600 to 900 cm3 min−1 tested at T = 523 K and MH/C = 2, the lower QG provides longer reaction time (or gaseous retention time, tR) thus offering higher XCO, however lower productivity. For setting pressure (PST) = 225–540 psi, a supply of higher pressure is equivalent to providing a larger amount of reactants into the reaction system, this thus suggests the use of higher PST should give both higher XCO and productivity. The assessment of the above results indicates that the MoS2/γ-Al2O3 catalyst favors the production of alcohols over alkanes, especially for ethanol. The information obtained is useful for the proper utilization of biomass derived gases of CO and H2.
Keywords: hydrogenation of CO; syngas; alcohol synthesis; alkanes synthesis; molybdenum sulfide
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Chiang, S.-W.; Chang, C.-C.; Shie, J.-L.; Chang, C.-Y.; Ji, D.-R.; Tseng, J.-Y.; Chang, C.-F.; Chen, Y.-H. Synthesis of Alcohols and Alkanes from CO and H2 over MoS2/γ-Al2O3 Catalyst in a Packed Bed with Continuous Flow. Energies 2012, 5, 4147-4164.
Chiang S-W, Chang C-C, Shie J-L, Chang C-Y, Ji D-R, Tseng J-Y, Chang C-F, Chen Y-H. Synthesis of Alcohols and Alkanes from CO and H2 over MoS2/γ-Al2O3 Catalyst in a Packed Bed with Continuous Flow. Energies. 2012; 5(10):4147-4164.
Chiang, Sheng-Wei; Chang, Chia-Chi; Shie, Je-Lueng; Chang, Ching-Yuan; Ji, Dar-Ren; Tseng, Jyi-Yeong; Chang, Chiung-Fen; Chen, Yi-Hung. 2012. "Synthesis of Alcohols and Alkanes from CO and H2 over MoS2/γ-Al2O3 Catalyst in a Packed Bed with Continuous Flow." Energies 5, no. 10: 4147-4164.