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Energies 2012, 5(1), 138-156; doi:10.3390/en5010138
Article

Standardization Work for BEV and HEV Applications: Critical Appraisal of Recent Traction Battery Documents

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1 Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, Brussel 1050, Belgium 2 Erasmus University College, Nijverheidskaai 170, Brussel 1070, Belgium 3 VITO, Unit of Energy Technology, Boeretang 200, Mol 2400, Belgium
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 September 2011 / Revised: 16 January 2012 / Accepted: 16 January 2012 / Published: 19 January 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Electric and Hybrid Vehicles)
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Abstract

The increased activity in the field of Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs) and Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) have led to an increase in standardization work, performed by both world-wide organizations like the IEC or the ISO, as by regional and national bodies such as CEN, CENELEC, SAE or JEVA. The issues of these standards cover several topics: safety, performance and operational/dimension issues. This paper reports a brief overview of current standardization activities of lithium batteries based on IEC 62660-1/2 and ISO 12405-1/2. Furthermore, in this paper, a series of innovative test procedures for lithium-ion batteries are presented. Thanks to these tests, the general characteristics of a battery such as charge and discharge capabilities, power performances and life cycle can be determined. Then, a new approach for extracting the life cycle of a battery in function of depth of discharge has been developed.
Keywords: lithium batteries; energy density; power density; performance tests; HPPC-test lithium batteries; energy density; power density; performance tests; HPPC-test
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).
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Omar, N.; Daowd, M.; Hegazy, O.; Mulder, G.; Timmermans, J.-M.; Coosemans, T.; Van den Bossche, P.; Van Mierlo, J. Standardization Work for BEV and HEV Applications: Critical Appraisal of Recent Traction Battery Documents. Energies 2012, 5, 138-156.

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