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Standardization Work for BEV and HEV Applications: Critical Appraisal of Recent Traction Battery Documents
Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, Brussel 1050, Belgium
Erasmus University College, Nijverheidskaai 170, Brussel 1070, Belgium
VITO, Unit of Energy Technology, Boeretang 200, Mol 2400, Belgium
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 September 2011; in revised form: 16 January 2012 / Accepted: 16 January 2012 / Published: 19 January 2012
Abstract: The increased activity in the field of Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs) and Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) have led to an increase in standardization work, performed by both world-wide organizations like the IEC or the ISO, as by regional and national bodies such as CEN, CENELEC, SAE or JEVA. The issues of these standards cover several topics: safety, performance and operational/dimension issues. This paper reports a brief overview of current standardization activities of lithium batteries based on IEC 62660-1/2 and ISO 12405-1/2. Furthermore, in this paper, a series of innovative test procedures for lithium-ion batteries are presented. Thanks to these tests, the general characteristics of a battery such as charge and discharge capabilities, power performances and life cycle can be determined. Then, a new approach for extracting the life cycle of a battery in function of depth of discharge has been developed.
Keywords: lithium batteries; energy density; power density; performance tests; HPPC-test
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Omar, N.; Daowd, M.; Hegazy, O.; Mulder, G.; Timmermans, J.-M.; Coosemans, T.; Van den Bossche, P.; Van Mierlo, J. Standardization Work for BEV and HEV Applications: Critical Appraisal of Recent Traction Battery Documents. Energies 2012, 5, 138-156.
Omar N, Daowd M, Hegazy O, Mulder G, Timmermans J-M, Coosemans T, Van den Bossche P, Van Mierlo J. Standardization Work for BEV and HEV Applications: Critical Appraisal of Recent Traction Battery Documents. Energies. 2012; 5(1):138-156.
Omar, Noshin; Daowd, Mohamed; Hegazy, Omar; Mulder, Grietus; Timmermans, Jean-Marc; Coosemans, Thierry; Van den Bossche, Peter; Van Mierlo, Joeri. 2012. "Standardization Work for BEV and HEV Applications: Critical Appraisal of Recent Traction Battery Documents." Energies 5, no. 1: 138-156.