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Energies 2011, 4(3), 475-487; doi:10.3390/en4030475
Article

Analysis of a Residential Building Energy Consumption Demand Model

1,2,* , 1,2
, 1,2
 and 1,2
1 Key Lab of the Three Gorges Reservoir Region’s Eco-Environment, Chongqing University, Ministry of Education, Chongqing, 400045, China 2 Faculty of Urban Construction and Environmental Engineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing, 400045, China
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 January 2011 / Revised: 15 February 2011 / Accepted: 8 March 2011 / Published: 10 March 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Savings in the Domestic and Tertiary Sectors 2011)
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Abstract

In order to estimate the energy consumption demand of residential buildings, this paper first discusses the status and shortcomings of current domestic energy consumption models. Then it proposes and develops a residential building energy consumption demand model based on a back propagation (BP) neural network model. After that, taking residential buildings in Chongqing (P.R. China) as an example, 16 energy consumption indicators are introduced as characteristics of the residential buildings in Chongqing. The index system of the BP neutral network prediction model is established and the multi-factorial BP neural network prediction model of Chongqing residential building energy consumption is developed using the Cshap language, based on the SQL server 2005 platform. The results obtained by applying the model in Chongqing are in good agreement with actual ones. In addition, the model provides corresponding approximate data by taking into account the potential energy structure adjustments and relevant energy policy regulations.
Keywords: energy consumption; energy consumption demand model; BP neural network; residential building energy consumption; energy consumption demand model; BP neural network; residential building
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Yu, W.; Li, B.; Lei, Y.; Liu, M. Analysis of a Residential Building Energy Consumption Demand Model. Energies 2011, 4, 475-487.

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