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Energies 2010, 3(7), 1344-1352; doi:10.3390/en3071344

Gasification of Biochar from Empty Fruit Bunch in a Fluidized Bed Reactor

* ,
Department of Chemical and Enviromental Engineering Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400, Serdang, Malaysia
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 May 2010 / Accepted: 31 May 2010 / Published: 2 July 2010
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A biochar produced from empty fruit bunches (EFB) was gasified in a fluidized bed using air to determine gas yield, overall carbon conversion, gas quality, and composition as a function of temperature. The experiment was conducted in the temperature range of 500–850 °C. It was observed that biochar has the potential to replace coal as a gasification agent in power plants. Hydrogen gas from biochar was also optimized during the experiment. High temperatures favor H2 and CO formation. There was an increase of H2 over the temperature range from 500–850 °C from 5.53% to 27.97% (v/v), with a heating value of 30 kJ/g. The C conversion in the same temperature range increased from 76% to 84%. Therefore, there are great prospects for the use of biochar from EFB as an alternative fuel in power plants, as a renewable energy providing an alternative path to biofuels. Results from this work enable us to better understand syn gas production under high treatment temperatures.
Keywords: biochar; fluidized bed; empty fruit bunch; gasification; hydrogen gas biochar; fluidized bed; empty fruit bunch; gasification; hydrogen gas
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Mohd Salleh, M.A.; Kisiki, N.H.; Yusuf, H.M.; Ab Karim Ghani, W.A.W. Gasification of Biochar from Empty Fruit Bunch in a Fluidized Bed Reactor. Energies 2010, 3, 1344-1352.

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