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Rapid Gas Hydrate Formation Processes: Will They Work?
National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), 626 Cochrans Mill Road, PO Box 10940, Pittsburgh, PA 15236-0940, USA
Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE), Department of Energy (DOE), 626 Cochrans Mill Road, PO Box 10940, Pittsburgh, PA 15236-0940, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 April 2010; in revised form: 20 May 2010 / Accepted: 2 June 2010 / Published: 7 June 2010
Abstract: Researchers at DOE’s National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) have been investigating the formation of synthetic gas hydrates, with an emphasis on rapid and continuous hydrate formation techniques. The investigations focused on unconventional methods to reduce dissolution, induction, nucleation and crystallization times associated with natural and synthetic hydrates studies conducted in the laboratory. Numerous experiments were conducted with various high-pressure cells equipped with instrumentation to study rapid and continuous hydrate formation. The cells ranged in size from 100 mL for screening studies to proof-of-concept studies with NETL’s 15-Liter Hydrate Cell. Results from this work demonstrate that the rapid and continuous formation of methane hydrate is possible at predetermined temperatures and pressures within the stability zone of a Methane Hydrate Stability Curve (see Figure 1).
Keywords: methane hydrate formation techniques; increasing hydrate formation rate(s); rapid gas hydrate formation techniques; formation; storage; transportation of methane hydrate
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MDPI and ACS Style
Brown, T.D.; Taylor, C.E.; Bernardo, M.P. Rapid Gas Hydrate Formation Processes: Will They Work? Energies 2010, 3, 1154-1175.
Brown TD, Taylor CE, Bernardo MP. Rapid Gas Hydrate Formation Processes: Will They Work? Energies. 2010; 3(6):1154-1175.
Brown, Thomas D.; Taylor, Charles E.; Bernardo, Mark P. 2010. "Rapid Gas Hydrate Formation Processes: Will They Work?" Energies 3, no. 6: 1154-1175.