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Current State of Development of Electricity-Generating Technologies: A Literature Review
ISA, School of Physics, A28, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
Received: 3 February 2010; Accepted: 10 March 2010 / Published: 18 March 2010
Abstract: Electricity is perhaps the most versatile energy carrier in modern economies, and it is therefore fundamentally linked to human and economic development. Electricity growth has outpaced that of any other fuel, leading to ever-increasing shares in the overall mix. This trend is expected to continue throughout the following decades, as large—especially rural—segments of the world population in developing countries start to climb the “energy ladder” and become connected to power grids. Electricity therefore deserves particular attention with regard to its contribution to global greenhouse gas emissions, which is reflected in the ongoing development of low-carbon technologies for power generation. The focus of this updated review of electricity-generating technologies is twofold: (a) to provide more technical information than is usually found in global assessments on critical technical aspects, such as variability of wind power, and (b) to capture the most recent findings from the international literature. This report covers eight technologies. Seven of these are generating technologies: hydro-, nuclear, wind, photovoltaic, concentrating solar, geothermal and biomass power. The remaining technology is carbon capture and storage. This selection is fairly representative for technologies that are important in terms of their potential capacity to contribute to a low-carbon world economy.
Keywords: electricity generation; global status review; renewable energy; nuclear energy; carbon capture and storage
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Lenzen, M. Current State of Development of Electricity-Generating Technologies: A Literature Review. Energies 2010, 3, 462-591.
Lenzen M. Current State of Development of Electricity-Generating Technologies: A Literature Review. Energies. 2010; 3(3):462-591.
Lenzen, Manfred. 2010. "Current State of Development of Electricity-Generating Technologies: A Literature Review." Energies 3, no. 3: 462-591.