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Thermochemical Biomass Gasification: A Review of the Current Status of the Technology
Department of Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078, USA
Department of Biological Systems Engineering, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE 68583, USA
Industrial Agricultural Products Center, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE 68583, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 May 2009; in revised form: 15 July 2009 / Accepted: 16 July 2009 / Published: 21 July 2009
Abstract: A review was conducted on the use of thermochemical biomass gasification for producing biofuels, biopower and chemicals. The upstream processes for gasification are similar to other biomass processing methods. However, challenges remain in the gasification and downstream processing for viable commercial applications. The challenges with gasification are to understand the effects of operating conditions on gasification reactions for reliably predicting and optimizing the product compositions, and for obtaining maximal efficiencies. Product gases can be converted to biofuels and chemicals such as Fischer-Tropsch fuels, green gasoline, hydrogen, dimethyl ether, ethanol, methanol, and higher alcohols. Processes and challenges for these conversions are also summarized.
Keywords: review; thermochemical conversion; gasification; biomass; syngas; biofuel; chemical; combined heat and power
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MDPI and ACS Style
Kumar, A.; Jones, D.D.; Hanna, M.A. Thermochemical Biomass Gasification: A Review of the Current Status of the Technology. Energies 2009, 2, 556-581.
Kumar A, Jones DD, Hanna MA. Thermochemical Biomass Gasification: A Review of the Current Status of the Technology. Energies. 2009; 2(3):556-581.
Kumar, Ajay; Jones, David D.; Hanna, Milford A. 2009. "Thermochemical Biomass Gasification: A Review of the Current Status of the Technology." Energies 2, no. 3: 556-581.