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Global Assessment of High-Altitude Wind Power
Department of Geological and Environmental Sciences, California State University – Chico, Chico, CA 95929, USA
Department of Global Ecology, Carnegie Institution of Washington, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 April 2009; in revised form: 15 May 2009 / Accepted: 18 May 2009 / Published: 26 May 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wind Energy
Abstract: The available wind power resource worldwide at altitudes between 500 and 12,000 m above ground is assessed for the first time. Twenty-eight years of wind data from the reanalyses by the National Centers for Environmental Prediction and the Department of Energy are analyzed and interpolated to study geographical distributions and persistency of winds at all altitudes. Furthermore, intermittency issues and global climate effects of large-scale extraction of energy from high-altitude winds are investigated.
Keywords: wind power; high altitude; reanalyses; jet streams; intermittency
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Archer, C.L.; Caldeira, K. Global Assessment of High-Altitude Wind Power. Energies 2009, 2, 307-319.
Archer CL, Caldeira K. Global Assessment of High-Altitude Wind Power. Energies. 2009; 2(2):307-319.
Archer, Cristina L.; Caldeira, Ken. 2009. "Global Assessment of High-Altitude Wind Power." Energies 2, no. 2: 307-319.