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Energies 2018, 11(8), 2099; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11082099

Thermal and Electrical Parameter Identification of a Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell Using Genetic Algorithm

1
Grupo de Investigación en Sistemas Inteligentes, Corporación Universitaria Comfacauca, Popayán CP 190003, Colombia
2
Instituto De Automática E Informática Industrial-ai2, Universitat Politècnica de València, Valencia 46022, Spain
3
Instituto Universitario de Ingeniería Energética—IUIIE, Universitat Politècnica de València, Valencia 46022, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 July 2018 / Revised: 1 August 2018 / Accepted: 7 August 2018 / Published: 13 August 2018
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Abstract

Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell (PEMFC) fuel cells is a technology successfully used in the production of energy from hydrogen, allowing the use of hydrogen as an energy vector. It is scalable for stationary and mobile applications. However, the technology demands more research. An important research topic is fault diagnosis and condition monitoring to improve the life and the efficiency and to reduce the operation costs of PEMFC devices. Consequently, there is a need of physical models that allow deep analysis. These models must be accurate enough to represent the PEMFC behavior and to allow the identification of different internal signals of a PEM fuel cell. This work presents a PEM fuel cell model that uses the output temperature in a closed loop, so it can represent the thermal and the electrical behavior. The model is used to represent a Nexa Ballard 1.2 kW fuel cell; therefore, it is necessary to fit the coefficients to represent the real behavior. Five optimization algorithms were tested to fit the model, three of them taken from literature and two proposed in this work. Finally, the model with the identified parameters was validated with real data. View Full-Text
Keywords: PEM fuel cell; identification; genetic algorithm; model; LabVIEW PEM fuel cell; identification; genetic algorithm; model; LabVIEW
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Ariza, H.E.; Correcher, A.; Sánchez, C.; Pérez-Navarro, Á.; García, E. Thermal and Electrical Parameter Identification of a Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell Using Genetic Algorithm. Energies 2018, 11, 2099.

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