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Energies 2018, 11(8), 2081; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11082081

Design and Prototyping Medium-Frequency Transformers Featuring a Nanocrystalline Core for DC–DC Converters

1
Graduate Program and Research in Electrical Engineering (PGIIE), Instituto Tecnológico de Morelia, Morelia 58120, Mexico
2
Energía Eléctrica, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad de México 04510, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 July 2018 / Revised: 29 July 2018 / Accepted: 1 August 2018 / Published: 10 August 2018
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Abstract

Medium frequency transformers (MFTs) are a key component of DC–DC dual active bridge (DAB)-type converters. These technologies are becoming a quintessential part of renewable energy solutions, such as photovoltaic systems and wind energy power plants, as well as in modern power grid interfaces functioning as solid-state transformers in smart-grid environments. The weight and physical dimensions of an MFT are key data for the design of these devices. The size of an MFT is reduced by increasing its operating frequency. This reduction implicates higher power density through the transformer windings, as well as other design requirements distinct to those used for conventional 60/50 Hz transformers; therefore, new MFT design procedures are needed. This paper introduces a novel methodology for designing MFTs, using nanocrystalline cores, and tests it using an MFT–DAB lab prototype. Different to other MFT design procedures, this new design approach uses a modified version of the area-product technique, which consists of smartly modifying the core losses computation, and includes nanocrystalline cores. The core losses computation is supported by a full analysis of the dispersion inductance. For purposes of validation, a model MFT connected to a DAB converter is simulated in Matlab-Simulink (The MathWorks, v2014a, Mexico City, Mexico). In addition, a MFT–DAB lab prototype (1 kVA at 5 kHz) is implemented to experimentally probe further the validity of the methodology just proposed. These results demonstrate that the analytic calculations results match those obtained from simulations and lab experiments. In all cases, the efficiency of the MFT is greater than 99%. View Full-Text
Keywords: medium frequency transformer; design methodology; nanocrystalline core; DAB medium frequency transformer; design methodology; nanocrystalline core; DAB
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Ruiz-Robles, D.; Venegas-Rebollar, V.; Anaya-Ruiz, A.; Moreno-Goytia, E.L.; Rodríguez-Rodríguez, J.R. Design and Prototyping Medium-Frequency Transformers Featuring a Nanocrystalline Core for DC–DC Converters. Energies 2018, 11, 2081.

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