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Energies 2018, 11(3), 619; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11030619

Flow Control over the Blunt Trailing Edge of Wind Turbine Airfoils Using Circulation Control

1
School of Aeronautics, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an 710072, China
2
Research & Development Institute of Northwestern Polytechnical University in Shenzhen, Shenzhen 518057, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 February 2018 / Revised: 4 March 2018 / Accepted: 8 March 2018 / Published: 10 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Collection Wind Turbines)
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Abstract

A new partial circulation control (PCC) method is implemented on the blunt trailing edge DU97-Flatback airfoil, and compared with the traditional full circulation control (FCC) based on numerical analysis. When the Coanda jet is deactivated, PCC has an attractive advantage over FCC, since the design of PCC doesn’t degrade aerodynamic characteristics of the baseline flatback section, in contrast to FCC, which is important in practical use in case of failure of the circulation control system. When the Coanda jet is activated, PCC also outperforms FCC in several respects. PCC can produce much higher lift coefficients than FCC over the entire range of angles of attack as well as the entire range of jet momentum coefficients under investigation, but with slightly higher drag coefficients. The flow field of PCC is less complex than that of FCC, indicating less energy dissipation in the main flow and hence less power expenditure for the Coanda jet. The aerodynamic figure of merit (AFM) and control efficiency for circulation control are defined, and results show that PCC has much higher AFM and control efficiency than FCC. It is demonstrated that PCC outperforms FCC in terms of effectiveness, efficiency and reliability for flow control in the blunt trailing edge wind turbine application. View Full-Text
Keywords: circulation control; blunt trailing edge; wind turbine airfoil; aerodynamic figure of merit; control efficiency; Coanda jet circulation control; blunt trailing edge; wind turbine airfoil; aerodynamic figure of merit; control efficiency; Coanda jet
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Xu, H.-Y.; Dong, Q.-L.; Qiao, C.-L.; Ye, Z.-Y. Flow Control over the Blunt Trailing Edge of Wind Turbine Airfoils Using Circulation Control. Energies 2018, 11, 619.

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