Impact of Demand Side Response on a Commercial Retail Refrigeration System
AbstractThe UK National Grid has placed increased emphasis on the development of Demand Side Response (DSR) tariff mechanisms to manage load at peak times. Refrigeration systems, along with HVAC, are estimated to consume 14% of the UK’s electricity and could have a significant role for DSR application. However, characterized by relatively low individual electrical loads and massive asset numbers, multiple low power refrigerators need aggregation for inclusion in these tariffs. In this paper, the impact of the Demand Side Response (DSR) control mechanisms on food retailing refrigeration systems is investigated. The experiments are conducted in a test-rig built to resemble a typical small supermarket store. The paper demonstrates how the temperature and pressure profiles of the system, the active power and the drawn current of the compressors are affected following a rapid shut down and subsequent return to normal operation as a response to a DSR event. Moreover, risks and challenges associated with primary and secondary Firm Frequency Response (FFR) mechanisms, where the load is rapidly shed at high speed in response to changes in grid frequency, is considered. For instance, measurements are included that show a significant increase in peak inrush currents of approx. 30% when the system returns to normal operation at the end of a DSR event. Consideration of how high inrush currents after a DSR event can produce voltage fluctuations of the supply and we assess risks to the local power supply system. View Full-Text
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Saleh, I.M.; Postnikov, A.; Arsene, C.; Zolotas, A.C.; Bingham, C.; Bickerton, R.; Pearson, S. Impact of Demand Side Response on a Commercial Retail Refrigeration System. Energies 2018, 11, 371.
Saleh IM, Postnikov A, Arsene C, Zolotas AC, Bingham C, Bickerton R, Pearson S. Impact of Demand Side Response on a Commercial Retail Refrigeration System. Energies. 2018; 11(2):371.Chicago/Turabian Style
Saleh, Ibrahim M.; Postnikov, Andrey; Arsene, Corneliu; Zolotas, Argyrios C.; Bingham, Chris; Bickerton, Ronald; Pearson, Simon. 2018. "Impact of Demand Side Response on a Commercial Retail Refrigeration System." Energies 11, no. 2: 371.
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