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Energies 2018, 11(2), 311; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11020311

Low-Cost Syngas Shifting for Remote Gasifiers: Combination of CO2 Adsorption and Catalyst Addition in a Novel and Simplified Packed Structure

1
Instituto Nacional de Eficiencia Energética y Energías Renovables (INER), Quito EC170507, Ecuador
2
Facultad de Ingeniería Química, Universidad Central del Ecuador, Quito EC170521, Ecuador
3
Centre for Renewable Energy Systems Technology (CREST), Wolfson School Mechanical, Manufacturing and Electrical Engineering, Loughborough University, Loughborough LE11 3GR, UK
4
Wolfson School Mechanical, Manufacturing and Electrical Engineering, Loughborough University, Loughborough LE11 3TU, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 December 2017 / Revised: 25 January 2018 / Accepted: 26 January 2018 / Published: 1 February 2018
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Abstract

This paper presents the technical validation of a novel, low-complexity alternative based on the inclusion of a patented (IEPI-MU-2016-185) packed bed for improving the performance of remote, small-scale gasification facilities. This study was carried out in an updraft, atmospheric-pressure gasifier, outfitted with a syngas reflux line, air and oxygen feed, and an upper packed-bed coupled to the gasification unit to improve the syngas quality by catalytic treatment and CO2 adsorption. The experimental facility is located in the rural community San Pedro del Laurel, Ecuador. Gasification experiments, with and without packed material in the upper chamber, were performed to assess its effect on the syngas quality. The assessment revealed that the packed material increases the carbon monoxide (CO) content in the syngas outlet stream while carbon dioxide (CO2) was reduced. This option appears to be a suitable and low-complexity alternative for enhancing the content of energy vectors of syngas in gasification at atmospheric pressure since CO/CO2 ratios of 5.18 and 3.27 were achieved against reported values of 2.46 and 0.94 for operations which did not include the addition of packed material. It is concluded that the upper packed-bed is an active element able to modify syngas characteristics since CO2 content was reduced. View Full-Text
Keywords: biomass; municipal solid waste; gasification; syngas shifting biomass; municipal solid waste; gasification; syngas shifting
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Narváez C., R.A.; Blanchard, R.; Dixon, R.; Ramírez, V.; Chulde, D. Low-Cost Syngas Shifting for Remote Gasifiers: Combination of CO2 Adsorption and Catalyst Addition in a Novel and Simplified Packed Structure. Energies 2018, 11, 311.

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