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Energies 2018, 11(1), 26; doi:10.3390/en11010026

Control of Variable Speed Wind Turbines with Doubly Fed Asynchronous Generators for Stand-Alone Applications

Electrical Engineering Department, Carlos III University of Madrid, Av. de la Universidad 30, Leganés, 28911 Madrid, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 November 2017 / Revised: 5 December 2017 / Accepted: 21 December 2017 / Published: 23 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wind Turbine Loads and Wind Plant Performance)
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This paper addresses the design and implementation of a novel control of a variable speed wind turbine with doubly fed induction generator for stand-alone applications. In opposition to grid-tied applications, in stand-alone systems the voltage and frequency must be generated by the doubly fed induction generator. Therefore, a voltage and frequency controller is required for supplying the load at constant voltage and frequency. This controller is implemented by orientation of the generator stator flux vector along a synchronous reference axis. In this way, constant voltage and frequency is obtained and the generator will supply the active and reactive power demanded by the load, while the wind turbine will be responsible for achieving power balance in the system. Then, power control is assumed by the pitch actuator controlling the rotational speed of the wind turbine for power balancing. A load shedding mechanism is needed if the load power exceeds the maximum available wind power. Detailed simulation results are presented and discussed to demonstrate the capabilities and contributions of the proposed control scheme. View Full-Text
Keywords: Doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG); wind turbine; power control; frequency control Doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG); wind turbine; power control; frequency control

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Arnaltes, S.; Rodriguez-Amenedo, J.L.; Montilla-DJesus, M.E. Control of Variable Speed Wind Turbines with Doubly Fed Asynchronous Generators for Stand-Alone Applications. Energies 2018, 11, 26.

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