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Energies 2018, 11(1), 257; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11010257

An Evaluation of Investment in a PV Power Generation Project in the Gobi Desert Using a Real Options Model

1
Energy Development and Environmental Protection Strategy Research Center, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, China
2
Faculty of Science, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, China
3
School of Mathematical Sciences, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210046, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 November 2017 / Revised: 16 January 2018 / Accepted: 18 January 2018 / Published: 21 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Electrical Power and Energy System)
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Abstract

This paper presents a policy benefit model of a photovoltaic (PV) power generation project based on real options analysis (ROA) and the two-factor learning curve model. The main purpose is to examine the investment behavior of developing a PV project in the Gobi desert considering multiple uncertain factors. We take the environmental cost of desertification control into account for the first time in the literature. Four other uncertain factors are thermal power cost, PV power generation cost, carbon prices, and government subsidy. A binary tree method is applied to solve the proposed model, and we obtain both unit decision value and optimal investment time. Our baseline scenario illustrates that ROA is more effective than net present value (NPV) analysis when dealing with uncertainty. Our simulation results show that the government could suffer a loss in accordance with the existing subsidy policy when investing in a PV project. Therefore, the subsidy should be gradually reduced. Finally, the influence of the subsidy policy on decision value is discussed, and an appropriate subsidy is determined accordingly. View Full-Text
Keywords: real options; two-factor learning curve; binary tree; unit decision value; optimal investment time real options; two-factor learning curve; binary tree; unit decision value; optimal investment time
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Li, Y.; Yang, W.; Tian, L.; Yang, J. An Evaluation of Investment in a PV Power Generation Project in the Gobi Desert Using a Real Options Model. Energies 2018, 11, 257.

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