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Energies 2018, 11(1), 206; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11010206

Comparison of Greenhouse Gas Reduction Potential through Renewable Energy Transition in South Korea and Germany

1
New & Renewable Energy Resource & Policy Center, Korea Institute of Energy Research, Daejeon 34129, Korea
2
Bosch Rexroth AG, Bgm.-Dr.-Nebel-Strasse 2, 97816 Lohr an Main, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 December 2017 / Revised: 9 January 2018 / Accepted: 10 January 2018 / Published: 15 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Energy Fundamentals and Conversion)
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Abstract

Germany and South Korea are the world’s sixth and seventh largest emitters of greenhouse gases, respectively; their main sources of pollution being fossil-fueled power plants. Since both countries signed the Paris Agreement in 2016, renewable energy transition is emerging as an effective means and method for avoiding air pollutant emissions and for replacing old fossil-fueled power plants. This paper attempts to evaluate—by using a grid emission factor dependent on a series of energy mix scenarios—the potential for South Korea and Germany to reduce their air pollutants (CO2, NOx, SOx, PM (particulate matter)) until 2030. South Korea plans to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by increasing nuclear power, while Germany aims to do so by shutting down its nuclear power plants and expanding the proportion of renewable energy in the energy mix to over 50%. Therefore, both countries are able to achieve their voluntary greenhouse gas reduction targets in the power sector. However, since the uncertainty of the CO2 emission factor of coal power plants in South Korea is as high as 10%, efforts to reduce that uncertainty are required in order to produce a reliable assessment of the avoided emissions. View Full-Text
Keywords: greenhouse gas (GHG); reduction potential; renewable energy transition; grid emission factor; Monte Carlo simulation; South Korea; Germany greenhouse gas (GHG); reduction potential; renewable energy transition; grid emission factor; Monte Carlo simulation; South Korea; Germany
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Maennel, A.; Kim, H.-G. Comparison of Greenhouse Gas Reduction Potential through Renewable Energy Transition in South Korea and Germany. Energies 2018, 11, 206.

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