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Energies 2017, 10(6), 806; doi:10.3390/en10060806

Implementation of a Real-Time Microgrid Simulation Platform Based on Centralized and Distributed Management

1
GECAD—Research Group on Intelligent Engineering and Computing for Advanced Innovation and Development, IPP—Polytechnic Institute of Porto, Rua DR. Antonio Bernardino de Almeida, 431, Porto 4200-072, Portugal
2
BISITE—Bioinformatics, Intelligent Systems and Educational Technology Research Center, University of Salamanca, Salamanca 37008, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Chunhua Liu
Received: 26 February 2017 / Revised: 21 April 2017 / Accepted: 7 June 2017 / Published: 14 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Distributed Energy Resources Management)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [4227 KB, uploaded 14 June 2017]   |  

Abstract

Demand response and distributed generation are key components of power systems. Several challenges are raised at both technical and business model levels for integration of those resources in smart grids and microgrids. The implementation of a distribution network as a test bed can be difficult and not cost-effective; using computational modeling is not sufficient for producing realistic results. Real-time simulation allows us to validate the business model’s impact at the technical level. This paper comprises a platform supporting the real-time simulation of a microgrid connected to a larger distribution network. The implemented platform allows us to use both centralized and distributed energy resource management. Using an optimization model for the energy resource operation, a virtual power player manages all the available resources. Then, the simulation platform allows us to technically validate the actual implementation of the requested demand reduction in the scope of demand response programs. The case study has 33 buses, 220 consumers, and 68 distributed generators. It demonstrates the impact of demand response events, also performing resource management in the presence of an energy shortage. View Full-Text
Keywords: demand response; distributed generation; microgrid; real-time simulation demand response; distributed generation; microgrid; real-time simulation
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Abrishambaf, O.; Faria, P.; Gomes, L.; Spínola, J.; Vale, Z.; Corchado, J.M. Implementation of a Real-Time Microgrid Simulation Platform Based on Centralized and Distributed Management. Energies 2017, 10, 806.

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