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Energies 2017, 10(5), 642; doi:10.3390/en10050642

Determination of the Most Suitable Technology Transfer Strategy for Wind Turbines Using an Integrated AHP-TOPSIS Decision Model

1
Faculty of Management, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
2
Cranfield University, Bedfordshire MK43 0AL, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Frede Blaabjerg
Received: 12 February 2017 / Revised: 30 April 2017 / Accepted: 2 May 2017 / Published: 6 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wind Turbine 2017)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1031 KB, uploaded 6 May 2017]   |  

Abstract

The high-speed development of industrial products and goods in the world has caused “technology” to be considered as a crucial competitive advantage for most large organizations. In recent years, developing countries have considerably tended to promote their technological and innovative capabilities through importing high-tech equipment owned and operated by developed countries. There are currently a variety of solutions to transfer a particular technology from a developed country. The selection of the most profitable technology transfer strategy is a very complex decision-making problem for technology importers as it involves different technical, environmental, social, and economic aspects. In this study, a hybrid multiple-criteria decision making (MCDM) model based on the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) and the technique for order of preference by similarity to ideal solution (TOPSIS) is proposed to evaluate and prioritise various technology transfer strategies for wind turbine systems. For this purpose, a number of criteria and sub-criteria are defined from the viewpoint of wind energy investors, wind turbine manufacturers, and wind farm operators. The relative importance of criteria and sub-criteria with respect to the ultimate goal are computed using the eigenvalue method and then, the technology transfer alternatives are ranked based on their relative closeness to the ideal solution. The model is finally applied to determine the most suitable wind turbine technology transfer strategy among four options of reverse engineering, technology skills training, turn-key contracts, and technology licensing for the renewable energy sector of Iran, and the results are compared with those obtained by classical decision-making models. View Full-Text
Keywords: technology transfer; wind turbine; design and manufacture; multiple-criteria decision making (MCDM); analytic hierarchy process (AHP); technique for order of preference by similarity to ideal solution (TOPSIS) technology transfer; wind turbine; design and manufacture; multiple-criteria decision making (MCDM); analytic hierarchy process (AHP); technique for order of preference by similarity to ideal solution (TOPSIS)
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Dinmohammadi, A.; Shafiee, M. Determination of the Most Suitable Technology Transfer Strategy for Wind Turbines Using an Integrated AHP-TOPSIS Decision Model. Energies 2017, 10, 642.

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