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Energies 2017, 10(5), 610; doi:10.3390/en10050610

Energy-Efficient Through-Life Smart Design, Manufacturing and Operation of Ships in an Industry 4.0 Environment

1
Sembcorp Marine Ltd., Singapore 628054, Singapore
2
School of Engineering, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8LT, UK
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Carl-Fredrik Lindberg
Received: 30 December 2016 / Revised: 17 April 2017 / Accepted: 24 April 2017 / Published: 29 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Smart Design, Smart Manufacturing and Industry 4.0)
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Abstract

Energy efficiency is an important factor in the marine industry to help reduce manufacturing and operational costs as well as the impact on the environment. In the face of global competition and cost-effectiveness, ship builders and operators today require a major overhaul in the entire ship design, manufacturing and operation process to achieve these goals. This paper highlights smart design, manufacturing and operation as the way forward in an industry 4.0 (i4) era from designing for better energy efficiency to more intelligent ships and smart operation through-life. The paper (i) draws parallels between ship design, manufacturing and operation processes, (ii) identifies key challenges facing such a temporal (lifecycle) as opposed to spatial (mass) products, (iii) proposes a closed-loop ship lifecycle framework and (iv) outlines potential future directions in smart design, manufacturing and operation of ships in an industry 4.0 value chain so as to achieve more energy-efficient vessels. Through computational intelligence and cyber-physical integration, we envision that industry 4.0 can revolutionise ship design, manufacturing and operations in a smart product through-life process in the near future. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy efficiency; industry 4.0 (i4); smart design; smart manufacturing; through-life design; cyber-physical systems energy efficiency; industry 4.0 (i4); smart design; smart manufacturing; through-life design; cyber-physical systems
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ang, J.H.; Goh, C.; Saldivar, A.A.F.; Li, Y. Energy-Efficient Through-Life Smart Design, Manufacturing and Operation of Ships in an Industry 4.0 Environment. Energies 2017, 10, 610.

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