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Energies 2017, 10(5), 600; doi:10.3390/en10050600

China’s Energy Transition in the Power and Transport Sectors from a Substitution Perspective

1
School of Business Administration, China University of Petroleum, Beijing 102249, China
2
Global Energy Systems, Department of Earth Science, Uppsala University, SE-751 05 Uppsala, Sweden
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vincenzo Dovì
Received: 20 February 2017 / Revised: 24 April 2017 / Accepted: 25 April 2017 / Published: 29 April 2017
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Abstract

Facing heavy air pollution, China needs to transition to a clean and sustainable energy system, especially in the power and transport sectors, which contribute the highest greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The core of an energy transition is energy substitution and energy technology improvement. In this paper, we forecast the levelized cost of electricity (LCOE) for power generation in 2030 in China. Cost-emission effectiveness of the substitution between new energy vehicles and conventional vehicles is also calculated in this study. The results indicate that solar photovoltaic (PV) and wind power will be cost comparative in the future. New energy vehicles are more expensive than conventional vehicles due to their higher manufacturer suggested retail price (MSRP). The cost-emission effectiveness of the substitution between new energy vehicles and conventional vehicles would be $96.7/ton or $114.8/ton. Gasoline prices, taxes, and vehicle insurance will be good directions for policy implementation after the ending of subsidies. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy transition; energy substitution; clean energy; cost-emission efficiency energy transition; energy substitution; clean energy; cost-emission efficiency
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Han, S.; Zhang, B.; Sun, X.; Han, S.; Höök, M. China’s Energy Transition in the Power and Transport Sectors from a Substitution Perspective. Energies 2017, 10, 600.

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