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Energies 2017, 10(3), 374; doi:10.3390/en10030374

Engineering Smart Grids: Applying Model-Driven Development from Use Case Design to Deployment

1
Center of Energy-Electric Energy Systems, AIT Austrian Institute of Technology, Vienna 1210, Austria
2
Institute of Computer Aided Automation, Vienna University of Technology, Vienna 1040, Austria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 December 2016 / Revised: 28 February 2017 / Accepted: 9 March 2017 / Published: 16 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Innovative Methods for Smart Grids Planning and Management)
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Abstract

The rollout of smart grid solutions has already started and new methods are deployed to the power systems of today. However, complexity is still increasing as focus is moving from a single system, to a system of systems perspective. The results are increasing engineering efforts and escalating costs. For this reason, new and automated engineering methods are necessary. This paper addresses these needs with a rapid engineering methodology that covers the overall engineering process for smart grid applications—from use case design to deployment. Based on a model-driven development approach, the methodology consists of three main parts: use case modeling, code generation, and deployment. A domain-specific language is introduced supporting the use case design according to the Smart Grid Architecture Model. It is combined with the IEC 61499 distributed control model to improve the function layer design. After a completed use case design, executable code and communication configurations (e.g., IEC 61850) are generated and deployed onto compatible field devices. This paper covers the proposed rapid engineering methodology and a corresponding prototypical implementation which is validated in a laboratory experiment. Compared to other methods the proposed methodology decreases the number of engineering steps and reduces the use case design and implementation complexity. View Full-Text
Keywords: smart grid; engineering support system; model-driven design; use case; smart grid architecture model; domain-specific language; distributed automation and control; IEC 61499; IEC 61850; IEC 62559 smart grid; engineering support system; model-driven design; use case; smart grid architecture model; domain-specific language; distributed automation and control; IEC 61499; IEC 61850; IEC 62559
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Andrén, F.P.; Strasser, T.I.; Kastner, W. Engineering Smart Grids: Applying Model-Driven Development from Use Case Design to Deployment. Energies 2017, 10, 374.

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