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Energies 2017, 10(3), 358; doi:10.3390/en10030358

Frequency Control Strategy for Black Starts via PMSG-Based Wind Power Generation

1
School of Electrical Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China
2
Xiamen Power Supply Company, State Grid Fujian Electric Power Company, Xiamen 361004, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Frede Blaabjerg
Received: 18 December 2016 / Revised: 8 March 2017 / Accepted: 8 March 2017 / Published: 13 March 2017
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Abstract

The use of wind power generation (WPG) as a source for black starts will significantly enhance the resiliency of power systems and shorten their recovery time from blackouts. Given that frequency stability is the most serious issue during the initial recovery period, virtual inertia control can enable wind turbines to provide frequency support to an external system. In this study, a general procedure of WPG participating in black starts is presented, and the key issues are discussed. The adaptability of existing virtual inertia control strategies is analyzed, and improvement work is performed. A new coordinated frequency control strategy is proposed based on the presented improvement work. A local power network with a permanent-magnet synchronous generator (PMSG)-based wind farm is modeled and used to verify the effectiveness of the strategy. View Full-Text
Keywords: black start; frequency control; virtual inertia; permanent-magnet synchronous generator (PMSG) black start; frequency control; virtual inertia; permanent-magnet synchronous generator (PMSG)
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Tang, Y.; Dai, J.; Wang, Q.; Feng, Y. Frequency Control Strategy for Black Starts via PMSG-Based Wind Power Generation. Energies 2017, 10, 358.

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