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Energies 2017, 10(3), 287; doi:10.3390/en10030287

Improving the Reliability of Optimised Link State Routing in a Smart Grid Neighbour Area Network based Wireless Mesh Network Using Multiple Metrics

1
Department of Engineering, Lancaster University, Lancaster LA1 4YW, UK
2
School of Engineering, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester M1 5GD, UK
3
HW Communications Ltd., Parkfield House, Greaves Rd, Lancaster LA1 4TZ, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Chunhua Liu
Received: 1 January 2017 / Accepted: 21 February 2017 / Published: 28 February 2017
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Abstract

Reliable communication is the backbone of advanced metering infrastructure (AMI). Within the AMI, the neighbourhood area network (NAN) transports a multitude of traffic, each with unique requirements. In order to deliver an acceptable level of reliability and latency, the underlying network, such as the wireless mesh network(WMN), must provide or guarantee the quality-of-service (QoS) level required by the respective application traffic. Existing WMN routing protocols, such as optimised link state routing (OLSR), typically utilise a single metric and do not consider the requirements of individual traffic; hence, packets are delivered on a best-effort basis. This paper presents a QoS-aware WMN routing technique that employs multiple metrics in OLSR optimal path selection for AMI applications. The problems arising from this approach are non deterministic polynomial time (NP)-complete in nature, which were solved through the combined use of the analytical hierarchy process (AHP) algorithm and pruning techniques. For smart meters transmitting Internet Protocol (IP) packets of varying sizes at different intervals, the proposed technique considers the constraints of NAN and the applications’ traffic characteristics. The technique was developed by combining multiple OLSR path selection metrics with the AHP algorithminns-2. Compared with the conventional link metric in OLSR, the results show improvements of about 23% and 45% in latency and Packet Delivery Ratio (PDR), respectively, in a 25-node grid NAN. View Full-Text
Keywords: neighbour area network (NAN); smart grid (SG); optimised link state routing (OLSR) protocol; analytical hierarchy process (AHP); link metric; wireless mesh network (WMN) neighbour area network (NAN); smart grid (SG); optimised link state routing (OLSR) protocol; analytical hierarchy process (AHP); link metric; wireless mesh network (WMN)
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Tsado, Y.; Gamage, K.A.A.; Adebisi, B.; Lund, D.; Rabie, K.M.; Ikpehai, A. Improving the Reliability of Optimised Link State Routing in a Smart Grid Neighbour Area Network based Wireless Mesh Network Using Multiple Metrics. Energies 2017, 10, 287.

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