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Energies 2017, 10(2), 199; doi:10.3390/en10020199

The Role of Smart Meters in Enabling Real-Time Energy Services for Households: The Italian Case

1
Department of Electronics, Information and Bioengineering, Politecnico di Milano, 20133 Milano, Italy
2
Dalle Molle Institute for Artificial Intelligence (IDSIA), University of Applied Sciences and Arts of Southern Switzerland (SUPSI), University of Lugano (USI), CH-6928 Manno, Switzerland
3
Italian Regulatory Authority for Electricity Gas and Water (AEEGSI), 20121 Milano, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Giovanni Pau and Joseph H.M. Tah
Received: 11 November 2016 / Revised: 17 January 2017 / Accepted: 31 January 2017 / Published: 10 February 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Smart Home Energy Management)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2125 KB, uploaded 10 February 2017]   |  

Abstract

The Smart Meter (SM) is an essential tool for successful balancing the demand-offer energy curve. It allows the linking of the consumption and production measurements with the time information and the customer’s identity, enabling the substitution of flat-price billing with smarter solutions, such as Time-of-Use or Real-Time Pricing. In addition to sending data to the energy operators for billing and monitoring purposes, Smart Meters must be able to send the same data to customer devices in near-real-time conditions, enabling new services such as instant energy awareness and home automation. In this article, we review the ongoing situation in Europe regarding real-time services for the final customers. Then, we review the architectural and technological options that have been considered for the roll-out phase of the Italian second generation of Smart Meters. Finally, we identify a collection of use cases, along with their functional and performance requirements, and discuss what architectures and communications technologies can meet these requirements. View Full-Text
Keywords: smart meter; smart metering; real-time services; load shifting; demand response; distribution system operator (DSO); in-home device (IHD); Internet of Things; Time-of-Use; Real-Time Pricing; energy awareness; home automation smart meter; smart metering; real-time services; load shifting; demand response; distribution system operator (DSO); in-home device (IHD); Internet of Things; Time-of-Use; Real-Time Pricing; energy awareness; home automation
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Pitì, A.; Verticale, G.; Rottondi, C.; Capone, A.; Lo Schiavo, L. The Role of Smart Meters in Enabling Real-Time Energy Services for Households: The Italian Case. Energies 2017, 10, 199.

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