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Energies 2017, 10(2), 159; doi:10.3390/en10020159

Effect of the Dendrimer Generation Used in the Synthesis of Pt-Ru Nanoparticles Supported on Carbon Nanofibers on the Catalytic Activity towards Methanol Oxidation

1
Departamento de Química, Instituto de Materiales y Nanotecnología, Universidad de La Laguna, Avda. Astrofísico Francisco Sánchez s/n, 38206 San Cristóbal de La Laguna, Spain
2
Instituto de Carboquímica—CSIC, Miguel Luesma Castán 4, 50018 Zaragoza, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Francesco Lufrano
Received: 30 November 2016 / Revised: 12 January 2017 / Accepted: 19 January 2017 / Published: 28 January 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Direct Alcohol Fuel Cells)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [7140 KB, uploaded 28 January 2017]   |  

Abstract

Pt-Ru nanoparticles supported on carbon nanofibers (CNF) were synthesized by the sodium borohydride reduction method, using different generation dendrimers (zero, one, two and three generations). After the synthesis process, these materials were submitted to a heat treatment at 350 °C, in order to clean the nanoparticle surface of organic residues. TEM characterization showed that the Pt-Ru nanoparticles size ranged between 1.9 and 5.5 nm. The use of dendrimers did not totally avoid the formation of aggregates, although monodisperse sizes were observed. The heat treatment produces the desired surface cleaning, although promoted the formation of agglomerates and crystalline Ru oxides. The study of the electrochemical activity towards the methanol oxidation displayed some clues about the influence of both the dendrimer generation and the presence of Ru oxides. Moreover, the apparent activation energy Eap for this reaction was determined. The results showed a beneficial effect of the heat treatment on the methanol oxidation current densities for the materials synthesized with the biggest dendrimers, being the methanol deprotonation and COad diffusion the predominant rate determining steps (rds). View Full-Text
Keywords: Pt-Ru catalysts; carbon nanofibers; methanol electrochemical oxidation; dendrimers; fuel cells Pt-Ru catalysts; carbon nanofibers; methanol electrochemical oxidation; dendrimers; fuel cells
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MDPI and ACS Style

Calderón, J.C.; Calvillo, L.; Lázaro, M.J.; Rodríguez, J.L.; Pastor, E. Effect of the Dendrimer Generation Used in the Synthesis of Pt-Ru Nanoparticles Supported on Carbon Nanofibers on the Catalytic Activity towards Methanol Oxidation. Energies 2017, 10, 159.

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