Next Article in Journal
A Review of Optimal Planning Active Distribution System: Models, Methods, and Future Researches
Previous Article in Journal
The Battle between Battery and Fuel Cell Powered Electric Vehicles: A BWM Approach
Article Menu
Issue 11 (November) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Energies 2017, 10(11), 1710; https://doi.org/10.3390/en10111710

Human Thermal Comfort and Heat Removal Efficiency for Ventilation Variants in Passenger Cars

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 41566, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 August 2017 / Revised: 19 October 2017 / Accepted: 23 October 2017 / Published: 26 October 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3478 KB, uploaded 26 October 2017]   |  

Abstract

The realization of a comfortable thermal environment with low energy consumption and improved ventilation in a car has become the aim of manufacturers in recent decades. Novel ventilation concepts with more flexible cabin usage and layouts are appealing owing to their potential for improving passenger comfort and driving power. In this study, three variant ventilation concepts are investigated and their performance is compared with respect to energy efficiency and human comfort of the driver and passenger in front and a child in the rear compartment. FLUENT 16.0, a commercial three-dimensional (3D) software, are used for the simulation. A surface-to-surface radiation model is applied under transient conditions for a car parked in summer conditions with its engine in the running condition. The results for the standard Fanger’s model and modified Fanger’s model are analyzed, discussed, and compared for the driver, passenger, and child. The modified Fanger’s model determines the thermal sensation on the basis of mean arterial pressure. View Full-Text
Keywords: thermal comfort; passenger car cabin; heat removal efficiency; Fanger’s model; solar load thermal comfort; passenger car cabin; heat removal efficiency; Fanger’s model; solar load
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Khatoon, S.; Kim, M.-H. Human Thermal Comfort and Heat Removal Efficiency for Ventilation Variants in Passenger Cars. Energies 2017, 10, 1710.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Energies EISSN 1996-1073 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top