Next Article in Journal
A High-Frequency Isolation (HFI) Charging DC Port Combining a Front-End Three-Level Converter with a Back-End LLC Resonant Converter
Next Article in Special Issue
Impacts of Reclassified Brown Coal Reserves on the Energy System and Deep Decarbonisation Target in the Czech Republic
Previous Article in Journal
A Novel Algorithm for Establishing a Balanced Synchronization Hierarchy with Spare Masters (BSHSM) for the IEEE 1588 Precision Time Protocol
Previous Article in Special Issue
User-Aware Electricity Price Optimization for the Competitive Market
Article Menu
Issue 10 (October) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Energies 2017, 10(10), 1468; https://doi.org/10.3390/en10101468

Designing a Model for the Global Energy System—GENeSYS-MOD: An Application of the Open-Source Energy Modeling System (OSeMOSYS)

1
Workgroup for Infrastructure and Policy, TU Berlin, Straße des 17. Juni 135, 10623 Berlin, Germany
2
Energy, Transport, and Environment, DIW Berlin, Mohrenstraße 58, 10117 Berlin, Germany
3
German Advisory Council on Environment, SRU, Luisenstraße 46, 10117 Berlin, Germany
4
Energy Economics and Sustainability, Hertie School of Governance, Friedrichstraße 180, 10117 Berlin, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 July 2017 / Revised: 11 September 2017 / Accepted: 18 September 2017 / Published: 22 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Market Transitions)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3080 KB, uploaded 29 September 2017]   |  

Abstract

This paper develops a path for the global energy system up to 2050, presenting a new application of the open-source energy modeling system (OSeMOSYS) to the community. It allows quite disaggregate energy and emission analysis: Global Energy System Model (GENeSYS-MOD) uses a system of linear equations of the energy system to search for lowest-cost solutions for a secure energy supply, given externally defined constraints, mainly in terms of CO2-emissions. The general algebraic modeling system (GAMS) version of OSeMOSYS is updated to the newest version and, in addition, extended and enhanced to include e.g., a modal split for transport, an improved trading system, and changes to storages. The model can be scaled from small-scale applications, e.g., a company, to cover the global energy system. The paper also includes an application of GENeSYS-MOD to analyze decarbonization scenarios at the global level, broken down into 10 regions. Its main focus is on interdependencies between traditionally segregated sectors: electricity, transportation, and heating; which are all included in the model. Model calculations suggests that in order to achieve the 1.5–2 °C target, a combination of renewable energy sources provides the lowest-cost solution, solar photovoltaic being the dominant source. Average costs of electricity generation in 2050 are about 4 €cents/kWh (excluding infrastructure and transportation costs). View Full-Text
Keywords: decarbonization; energy system modeling; OSeMOSYS; renewables; energy policy; energy transition decarbonization; energy system modeling; OSeMOSYS; renewables; energy policy; energy transition
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Löffler, K.; Hainsch, K.; Burandt, T.; Oei, P.-Y.; Kemfert, C.; von Hirschhausen, C. Designing a Model for the Global Energy System—GENeSYS-MOD: An Application of the Open-Source Energy Modeling System (OSeMOSYS). Energies 2017, 10, 1468.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Energies EISSN 1996-1073 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top