Next Article in Journal
Numerical Analysis of the Effects of Rotating Wind Turbine Blades on the Aerodynamic Forces Acting on Tower
Next Article in Special Issue
Energy Conservation in an Office Building Using an Enhanced Blind System Control
Previous Article in Journal
Analysis of Dynamic Characteristic for Solar Arrays in Series and Global Maximum Power Point Tracking Based on Optimal Initial Value Incremental Conductance Strategy under Partially Shaded Conditions
Previous Article in Special Issue
Evaluation of Strategies to Improve the Thermal Performance of Steel Frames in Curtain Wall Systems
Article Menu
Issue 1 (January) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Energies 2017, 10(1), 119; doi:10.3390/en10010119

Characterization and Analysis of Energy Demand Patterns in Airports

1
Seve Ballesteros-Santander Airport, Spanish Airports and Air Navigation (AENA), Airport Road, Maliaño, Cantabria 39600, Spain
2
Department of Electrical and Energy Engineering, University of Cantabria, Los Castros Avenue, Santander, Cantabria 39005, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Hossam A. Gabbar (Gaber)
Received: 26 September 2016 / Revised: 10 January 2017 / Accepted: 11 January 2017 / Published: 19 January 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Conservation in Infrastructures 2016)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [8139 KB, uploaded 19 January 2017]   |  

Abstract

Airports in general have high-energy consumption. Influenced by many factors, the characteristics of airport energy consumption are stochastic, nonlinear and dynamic. In recent years, airport managers have made huge efforts to harmonize airport operation with environmental sustainability by minimizing the environmental impact, with energy conservation and energy efficiency as one of their pillars. A key factor in order to reduce energy consumption at airports is to understand the energy use and consumption behavior, due to the multiple parameters and singularities that are involved. In this article, a 3-step methodology based on monitoring methods is proposed to characterize and analyze energy demand patterns in airports through their electric load profiles, and is applied to the Seve Ballesteros-Santander Airport (Santander, Spain). This methodology can be also used in airports in order to determine the way energy is used, to establish the classification of the electrical charges based on their operation way as well as to determine the main energy consumers and main external influencers. Results show that airport present a daily energy demand pattern since electric load profiles follow a similar curve shape for every day of the year, having a great dependence of the terminal building behavior, the main energy consumer of the airport, and with heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) and lighting being the most energy-intensive facilities, and outside temperature and daylighting the main external influencers. View Full-Text
Keywords: airports; energy modeling; energy demand patterns; electric load profile; electric charges; loads; infrastructure energy conservation; energy consumption; energy efficiency airports; energy modeling; energy demand patterns; electric load profile; electric charges; loads; infrastructure energy conservation; energy consumption; energy efficiency
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Ortega Alba, S.; Manana, M. Characterization and Analysis of Energy Demand Patterns in Airports. Energies 2017, 10, 119.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Energies EISSN 1996-1073 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top