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Energies 2017, 10(1), 119;

Characterization and Analysis of Energy Demand Patterns in Airports

Seve Ballesteros-Santander Airport, Spanish Airports and Air Navigation (AENA), Airport Road, Maliaño, Cantabria 39600, Spain
Department of Electrical and Energy Engineering, University of Cantabria, Los Castros Avenue, Santander, Cantabria 39005, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Hossam A. Gabbar (Gaber)
Received: 26 September 2016 / Revised: 10 January 2017 / Accepted: 11 January 2017 / Published: 19 January 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Conservation in Infrastructures 2016)
Full-Text   |   PDF [8139 KB, uploaded 19 January 2017]   |  


Airports in general have high-energy consumption. Influenced by many factors, the characteristics of airport energy consumption are stochastic, nonlinear and dynamic. In recent years, airport managers have made huge efforts to harmonize airport operation with environmental sustainability by minimizing the environmental impact, with energy conservation and energy efficiency as one of their pillars. A key factor in order to reduce energy consumption at airports is to understand the energy use and consumption behavior, due to the multiple parameters and singularities that are involved. In this article, a 3-step methodology based on monitoring methods is proposed to characterize and analyze energy demand patterns in airports through their electric load profiles, and is applied to the Seve Ballesteros-Santander Airport (Santander, Spain). This methodology can be also used in airports in order to determine the way energy is used, to establish the classification of the electrical charges based on their operation way as well as to determine the main energy consumers and main external influencers. Results show that airport present a daily energy demand pattern since electric load profiles follow a similar curve shape for every day of the year, having a great dependence of the terminal building behavior, the main energy consumer of the airport, and with heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) and lighting being the most energy-intensive facilities, and outside temperature and daylighting the main external influencers. View Full-Text
Keywords: airports; energy modeling; energy demand patterns; electric load profile; electric charges; loads; infrastructure energy conservation; energy consumption; energy efficiency airports; energy modeling; energy demand patterns; electric load profile; electric charges; loads; infrastructure energy conservation; energy consumption; energy efficiency

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Ortega Alba, S.; Manana, M. Characterization and Analysis of Energy Demand Patterns in Airports. Energies 2017, 10, 119.

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