Next Article in Journal
Prevalence of Heart Failure and Adherence to Process Indicators: Which Socio-Demographic Determinants are Involved?
Previous Article in Journal
Sex and Age Differences in Exposure to Secondhand Smoke at Home among Korean Adolescents: A Nationally Representative Survey
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessOpinion
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(2), 240; doi:10.3390/ijerph13020240

E-Cigarette as a Harm Reduction Approach among Tobacco Smoking Khat Chewers: A Promising Bullet of Multiple Gains

College of Dentistry, Taibah University, Al-Madinah Al-Munawwarah 43353, Saudi Arabia
Onassis Cardiac Surgery Center, Sygrou 356, Kallithea 17654, Greece
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 4 January 2016 / Revised: 5 February 2016 / Accepted: 15 February 2016 / Published: 19 February 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [226 KB, uploaded 19 February 2016]


Khat chewing/use, a green leaf with amphetamine-like effects is socially integrated in the Middle East and Africa. Khat chewing is often associated with tobacco smoking and occurs in closed places, such as a family home setting where the smoke-free laws cannot be implemented. Tobacco cigarette smoking among khat chewers is a significant concern, but there is also second-hand exposure to smoke at home or in places where khat users gather. Evidence suggests that e-cigarettes represent a significantly less harmful form of nicotine intake. Evaluating the effects of e-cigarettes among khat chewers could be important in understanding the impact of e-cigarettes as a harm reduction approach, with the potential to reduce the health risk associated with smoking. View Full-Text
Keywords: khat; tobacco smoking; e-cigarettes; nicotine khat; tobacco smoking; e-cigarettes; nicotine
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Kassim, S.; Farsalinos, K.E. E-Cigarette as a Harm Reduction Approach among Tobacco Smoking Khat Chewers: A Promising Bullet of Multiple Gains. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 240.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top