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Mar. Drugs 2010, 8(2), 269-284; doi:10.3390/md8020269
Review

Alkaloids in Marine Algae

1,* , 2
 and 3
1 Istanbul Aydın University, Inönü Cad., 40, Sefaköy, Istanbul, Turkey 2 Laboratoire de Dynamique, Interactions et Réactivité (LADIR), UMR 7075 CNRS–UPMC Univ Paris 06, 2 rue Henry Dunant, 94320 Thiais, France 3 Department of Pharmacognosy, Hipodrom Ankara, Faculty of Pharmacy, Gazi University, Turkey
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 December 2009 / Revised: 20 January 2010 / Accepted: 25 January 2010 / Published: 4 February 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Alkaloid Analogs)
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Abstract

This paper presents the alkaloids found in green, brown and red marine algae. Algal chemistry has interested many researchers in order to develop new drugs, as algae include compounds with functional groups which are characteristic from this particular source. Among these compounds, alkaloids present special interest because of their pharmacological activities. Alkaloid chemistry has been widely studied in terrestrial plants, but the number of studies in algae is insignificant. In this review, a detailed account of macro algae alkaloids with their structure and pharmacological activities is presented. The alkaloids found in marine algae may be divided into three groups: 1. Phenylethylamine alkaloids, 2. Indole and halogenated indole alkaloids, 3. Other alkaloids.
Keywords: alkaloids; phenylethylamine alkaloids; indole alkaloids; halogenated indole alkaloids; other alkaloids alkaloids; phenylethylamine alkaloids; indole alkaloids; halogenated indole alkaloids; other alkaloids
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Güven, K.C.; Percot, A.; Sezik, E. Alkaloids in Marine Algae. Mar. Drugs 2010, 8, 269-284.

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