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Mar. Drugs 2016, 14(4), 75; doi:10.3390/md14040075

Jellyfish Bioactive Compounds: Methods for Wet-Lab Work

1
CIIMAR/CIMAR, Interdisciplinary Centre of Marine and Environmental Research, University of Porto, Rua dos Bragas 177, 4050-123 Porto, Portugal
2
Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Porto, Rua do Campo Alegre, 4169-007 Porto, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Keith B. Glaser
Received: 10 September 2015 / Revised: 3 February 2016 / Accepted: 18 February 2016 / Published: 12 April 2016
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Abstract

The study of bioactive compounds from marine animals has provided, over time, an endless source of interesting molecules. Jellyfish are commonly targets of study due to their toxic proteins. However, there is a gap in reviewing successful wet-lab methods employed in these animals, which compromises the fast progress in the detection of related biomolecules. Here, we provide a compilation of the most effective wet-lab methodologies for jellyfish venom extraction prior to proteomic analysis—separation, identification and toxicity assays. This includes SDS-PAGE, 2DE, gel chromatography, HPLC, DEAE, LC-MS, MALDI, Western blot, hemolytic assay, antimicrobial assay and protease activity assay. For a more comprehensive approach, jellyfish toxicity studies should further consider transcriptome sequencing. We reviewed such methodologies and other genomic techniques used prior to the deep sequencing of transcripts, including RNA extraction, construction of cDNA libraries and RACE. Overall, we provide an overview of the most promising methods and their successful implementation for optimizing time and effort when studying jellyfish. View Full-Text
Keywords: jellyfish; toxin; methods; proteomic; transcriptomic; deep sequencing jellyfish; toxin; methods; proteomic; transcriptomic; deep sequencing
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Frazão, B.; Antunes, A. Jellyfish Bioactive Compounds: Methods for Wet-Lab Work. Mar. Drugs 2016, 14, 75.

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