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Mar. Drugs 2016, 14(12), 220; doi:10.3390/md14120220

Marine Organisms with Anti-Diabetes Properties

Department of Integrative Marine Ecology, Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn, 80121 Naples, Italy
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Academic Editor: Patrizia Russo
Received: 30 September 2016 / Revised: 16 November 2016 / Accepted: 22 November 2016 / Published: 1 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Marine Natural Products that Target Metabolic Disorders)
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Abstract

Diabetes is a chronic degenerative metabolic disease with high morbidity and mortality rates caused by its complications. In recent years, there has been a growing interest in looking for new bioactive compounds to treat this disease, including metabolites of marine origin. Several aquatic organisms have been screened to evaluate their possible anti-diabetes activities, such as bacteria, microalgae, macroalgae, seagrasses, sponges, corals, sea anemones, fish, salmon skin, a shark fusion protein as well as fish and shellfish wastes. Both in vitro and in vivo screenings have been used to test anti-hyperglycemic and anti-diabetic activities of marine organisms. This review summarizes recent discoveries in anti-diabetes properties of several marine organisms as well as marine wastes, existing patents and possible future research directions in this field. View Full-Text
Keywords: marine organisms; metabolic disorder; diabetes; microalgae; marine biotechnology; drug discovery marine organisms; metabolic disorder; diabetes; microalgae; marine biotechnology; drug discovery
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Lauritano, C.; Ianora, A. Marine Organisms with Anti-Diabetes Properties. Mar. Drugs 2016, 14, 220.

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