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Mar. Drugs 2015, 13(8), 5128-5155; doi:10.3390/md13085128

Carotenoids from Marine Microalgae: A Valuable Natural Source for the Prevention of Chronic Diseases

CBQF—Centro de Biotecnologia e Química Fina—Laboratório Associado, Escola Superior de Biotecnologia, Universidade Católica Portuguesa/Porto, Rua Arquiteto Lobão Vital, Porto 4202-401, Portugal
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Graziano Riccioni
Received: 5 July 2015 / Accepted: 3 August 2015 / Published: 14 August 2015
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Abstract

Epidemiological studies have shown a relation between antioxidants and the prevention of several chronic diseases. Microalgae are a potential novel source of bioactive molecules, including a wide range of different carotenoids that can be used as nutraceuticals, food supplements and novel food products. The objective of this review is (i) to update the research that has been carried out on the most known carotenoids produced by marine microalgae, including reporting on their high potentialities to produce other less known important compounds; (ii) to compile the work that has been done in order to establish some relationship between carotenoids and oxidative protection and treatment; (iii) to summarize the association of oxidative stress and the various reactive species including free radicals with several human diseases; and (iv) to provide evidence of the potential of carotenoids from marine microalgae to be used as therapeutics to treat or prevent these oxidative stress-related diseases. View Full-Text
Keywords: carotenoids; marine microalga; astaxanthin; β-carotene; fucoxanthin; ROS; RNS; free radicals; oxidative stress; inflammatory diseases; chronic diseases; aging carotenoids; marine microalga; astaxanthin; β-carotene; fucoxanthin; ROS; RNS; free radicals; oxidative stress; inflammatory diseases; chronic diseases; aging
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Raposo, M.F.J.; de Morais, A.M.M.B.; de Morais, R.M.S.C. Carotenoids from Marine Microalgae: A Valuable Natural Source for the Prevention of Chronic Diseases. Mar. Drugs 2015, 13, 5128-5155.

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