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Mar. Drugs 2015, 13(10), 6336-6351; doi:10.3390/md13106336

Marine-Based Nutraceuticals: An Innovative Trend in the Food and Supplement Industries

1
School of Medicine, the University of Queensland, Translational Research Institute, Kent Street, Woolloongabba, Brisbane 4102, Australia
2
CSIRO Agriculture Flagship, 306 Carmody Road, St Lucia, QLD 4067, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vassilios Roussis
Received: 11 July 2015 / Revised: 8 September 2015 / Accepted: 18 September 2015 / Published: 14 October 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [223 KB, uploaded 14 October 2015]   |  

Abstract

Recent trends in functional foods and supplements have demonstrated that bioactive molecules play a major therapeutic role in human disease. Nutritionists and biomedical and food scientists are working together to discover new bioactive molecules that have increased potency and therapeutic benefits. Marine life constitutes almost 80% of the world biota with thousands of bioactive compounds and secondary metabolites derived from marine invertebrates such as tunicates, sponges, molluscs, bryozoans, sea slugs and many other marine organisms. These bioactive molecules and secondary metabolites possess antibiotic, antiparasitic, antiviral, anti-inflammatory, antifibrotic and anticancer activities. They are also inhibitors or activators of critical enzymes and transcription factors, competitors of transporters and sequestrants that modulate various physiological pathways. The current review summaries the widely available marine-based nutraceuticals and recent research carried out for the purposes of isolation, identification and characterization of marine-derived bioactive compounds with various therapeutic potentials. View Full-Text
Keywords: bioactive molecules; marine nutraceuticals; functional foods; supplements and health perspectives bioactive molecules; marine nutraceuticals; functional foods; supplements and health perspectives
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Suleria, H.A.R.; Osborne, S.; Masci, P.; Gobe, G. Marine-Based Nutraceuticals: An Innovative Trend in the Food and Supplement Industries. Mar. Drugs 2015, 13, 6336-6351.

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