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Diversity 2014, 6(1), 102-132; doi:10.3390/d6010102
Review

Biodiversity of the Hypersaline Urmia Lake National Park (NW Iran)

1,†,* , 2,†,* , 3
,
4
 and
2
Received: 3 December 2013 / Revised: 13 January 2014 / Accepted: 27 January 2014 / Published: 10 February 2014
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Abstract

Urmia Lake, with a surface area between 4000 to 6000 km2, is a hypersaline lake located in northwest Iran. It is the saltiest large lake in the world that supports life. Urmia Lake National Park is the home of an almost endemic crustacean species known as the brine shrimp, Artemia urmiana. Other forms of life include several species of algae, bacteria, microfungi, plants, birds, reptiles, amphibians and mammals. As a consequence of this unique biodiversity, this lake has been selected as one of the 59 biosphere reserves by UNESCO. This paper provides a comprehensive species checklist that needs to be updated by additional research in the future.
Keywords: biodiversity; hypersalinity; Urmia Lake; National Park biodiversity; hypersalinity; Urmia Lake; National Park
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Asem, A.; Eimanifar, A.; Djamali, M.; De los Rios, P.; Wink, M. Biodiversity of the Hypersaline Urmia Lake National Park (NW Iran). Diversity 2014, 6, 102-132.

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