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Diversity, Conflict and Growth: Theory and Evidence
Fachbereich Politik- und Verwaltungswissenschaft, Lehrstuhl für Internationale,University of Konstanz, Fach 86, Universitätsstr.10, 78457 Konstanz, Germany
Instituto de Ciências Sociais da Universidade de Lisboa, Av. Aníbal de Bettencourt, 9, Lisbon 1600-189, Portugal
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 April 2010; in revised form: 4 August 2010 / Accepted: 14 May 2010 / Published: 31 August 2010
Abstract: This article re-examines recent studies that link different forms of social diversity—ethnic polarization and fractionalization—to underdevelopment and an increased risk of civil war. We review theoretical arguments in favor of a connection between diversity and these social outcomes and discuss the inter-linkage between economic growth and internal conflict in situations of extreme diversity. Our analysis confirms that the relationship between ethnic polarization and civil war is ambiguous and depends on the use of civil war incidence or civil war onset as an outcome variable. Furthermore, fractionalization rather than polarization seems to be negatively related to economic growth.
Keywords: civil war; development; polarization; fractionalization
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Schneider, G.; Wiesehomeier, N. Diversity, Conflict and Growth: Theory and Evidence. Diversity 2010, 2, 1097-1117.
Schneider G, Wiesehomeier N. Diversity, Conflict and Growth: Theory and Evidence. Diversity. 2010; 2(9):1097-1117.
Schneider, Gerald; Wiesehomeier, Nina. 2010. "Diversity, Conflict and Growth: Theory and Evidence." Diversity 2, no. 9: 1097-1117.