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Cultural Diversity as a Concept of Global Law: Origins, Evolution and Prospects
Diversity 2010, 2(9), 1097-1117; doi:10.3390/d2091097

Diversity, Conflict and Growth: Theory and Evidence

1,*  and 2
1 Fachbereich Politik- und Verwaltungswissenschaft, Lehrstuhl für Internationale,University of Konstanz, Fach 86, Universitätsstr.10, 78457 Konstanz, Germany 2 Instituto de Ciências Sociais da Universidade de Lisboa, Av. Aníbal de Bettencourt, 9, Lisbon 1600-189, Portugal
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 April 2010 / Revised: 4 August 2010 / Accepted: 14 May 2010 / Published: 31 August 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ethnic Diversity and Cultural Pluralism)
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This article re-examines recent studies that link different forms of social diversity—ethnic polarization and fractionalization—to underdevelopment and an increased risk of civil war. We review theoretical arguments in favor of a connection between diversity and these social outcomes and discuss the inter-linkage between economic growth and internal conflict in situations of extreme diversity. Our analysis confirms that the relationship between ethnic polarization and civil war is ambiguous and depends on the use of civil war incidence or civil war onset as an outcome variable. Furthermore, fractionalization rather than polarization seems to be negatively related to economic growth.
Keywords: civil war; development; polarization; fractionalization civil war; development; polarization; fractionalization
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Schneider, G.; Wiesehomeier, N. Diversity, Conflict and Growth: Theory and Evidence. Diversity 2010, 2, 1097-1117.

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