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Diversity 2009, 1(1), 52-66; doi:10.3390/d1010052
Article

Global Amphibian Extinction Risk Assessment for the Panzootic Chytrid Fungus

1,2,* , 1,3
, 4,5
, 6
, 7
, 4
, 1
, 8
, 8
 and 1
1 Department of Biogeography, Trier University, Am Wissenschaftspark 25-27, D-54296 Trier, Germany 2 Zoologisches Forschungsmuseum Alexander Koenig, Adenauerallee 160, D-53113 Bonn, Germany 3 Department of Biology, Copenhagen University, Universitetsparken 15, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark 4 Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, Regent's Park, London, NW1 4RY, UK 5 Department of Biology, Imperial College London, Silwood Park Campus, Ascot Berkshire SL5 7PY, UK 6 Department of Geography, Bonn University, Meckenheimer Allee 166, D-53115 Bonn, Germany 7 Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, Calle José Gutiérrez Abascal 2, E-28006 Madrid, Spain 8 Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, Silwood Park Campus, Ascot Berkshire SL5 7PY, UK
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 July 2009 / Accepted: 7 September 2009 / Published: 11 September 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Amphibian Conservation)
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Abstract

Species are being lost at increasing rates due to anthropogenic effects, leading to the recognition that we are witnessing the onset of a sixth mass extinction. Emerging infectious disease has been shown to increase species loss and any attempts to reduce extinction rates need to squarely confront this challenge. Here, we develop a procedure for identifying amphibian species that are most at risk from the effects of chytridiomycosis by combining spatial analyses of key host life-history variables with the pathogen's predicted distribution. We apply our rule set to the known global diversity of amphibians in order to prioritize pecies that are most at risk of loss from disease emergence. This risk assessment shows where limited conservation funds are best deployed in order to prevent further loss of species by enabling ex situ amphibian salvage operations and focusing any potential disease mitigation projects.
Keywords: amphibians; Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis; chytridiomycosis; Maxent; Species Distribution Model amphibians; Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis; chytridiomycosis; Maxent; Species Distribution Model
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Rödder, D.; Kielgast, J.; Bielby, J.; Schmidtlein, S.; Bosch, J.; Garner, T.W.J.; Veith, M.; Walker, S.; Fisher, M.C.; Lötters, S. Global Amphibian Extinction Risk Assessment for the Panzootic Chytrid Fungus. Diversity 2009, 1, 52-66.

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