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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2007, 8(3), 180-188; doi:10.3390/i8030180
Article

Rheological Behaviors of Polyacrylonitrile/1-Butyl-3- Methylimidazolium Chloride Concentrated Solutions

, , , , *  and
Received: 30 April 2006 / Revised: 8 February 2007 / Accepted: 12 February 2007 / Published: 7 March 2007
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ionic Liquids)
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Abstract

One of the room temperature ionic liquids (RTILs), 1-butyl-3-methylimidazoliumchloride ([BMIM]Cl) was chosen to prepare the concentrated solutions of Polyacrylonitrile(PAN). The rheological behaviors of the solutions were measured with rotational rheometryunder different conditions, including temperatures, concentration, and molecular weight ofPAN. The solutions exhibited shear-thinning behaviors, similar to that of PAN/DMFsolutions. The viscosities decreased with the increasing of shear rates. However, theviscosity decreased sharply at high shear rates when the concentration was up to 16wt%. Thedependence of the viscosity on temperature was analyzed through the determination of theapparent activation energy. Unusually, the viscosity of solutions of higher concentration islower than that of lower concentration. Similarly, the viscosity of low molecular weightPAN was higher than high molecular weight PAN at high shear rates. The dynamicrheological measurement indicates the loss modulus is much higher than storage modulus.The trend of complex viscosity is similar with the result of static rheological measurement.The interaction between PAN and ionic liquid [BMIM]Cl was discussed.
Keywords: Polyacrylonitrile; Ionic liquids; Rheological behaviours. Polyacrylonitrile; Ionic liquids; Rheological behaviours.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Liu, W.; Cheng, L.; Zhang, H.; Zhang, Y.; Wang, H.; Yu, M. Rheological Behaviors of Polyacrylonitrile/1-Butyl-3- Methylimidazolium Chloride Concentrated Solutions. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2007, 8, 180-188.

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