Abstract: The structural stability of haloselenonyl azides was investigated by quantum mechanical Møller-Plesset perturbation theory of second order and density functional theory calculations. The 6-311+G** basis set was used to include polarization and diffuse functions in the calculations at the DFT-B3LYP level. The potential scans for the rotation of the -NNN rotor were calculated and found to be consistent with a single minimum that corresponds to a gauche conformation (-NNN moiety nearly eclipses one of the two selenonyl Se=O bonds) for the three halogens at ambient temperature. The structural parameters for the minima calculated by MP2 and DFT turned out to be very similar. The vibrational modes, infrared and Raman intensities as well as depolarization ratios were calculated at DFT-B3LYP/6-311+G** level for the three molecules in their gauche conformations. The potential energy distributions among symmetry coordinates of the normal modes of the molecules in their gauche conformation were then computed from normal coordinate analyses.
Keywords: MP2 and DFT calculations; structural stability; vibrational modes and assignments; haloselenonyl azides
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Förner, W.; Badawi, H.M.; Seddigi, Z.S. Structural Stability and Vibrational Analyses of Haloselenonyl Azides, XSeO2-NNN, where X is F, Cl, Br. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2005, 6, 230-244.
Förner W, Badawi HM, Seddigi ZS. Structural Stability and Vibrational Analyses of Haloselenonyl Azides, XSeO2-NNN, where X is F, Cl, Br. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2005; 6(9):230-244.
Förner, Wolfgang; Badawi, Hassan M.; Seddigi, Zaki S. 2005. "Structural Stability and Vibrational Analyses of Haloselenonyl Azides, XSeO2-NNN, where X is F, Cl, Br." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 6, no. 9: 230-244.