Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2003, 4(7), 460-480; doi:10.3390/i4070460
Article

Excited State Proton Transfer of Carbazole. A Convenient Way to Study Microheterogeneous Environments

Received: 28 April 2003; Accepted: 12 May 2003 / Published: 25 June 2003
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Proton Transfer Processes)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Excited state proton transfer of carbazole gives rise to dual fluorescence from the two prototropic species. Simultaneous consideration of the two emissions takes care of many of the instrumental artifacts. The relative intensity of the two emissions of carbazole is sensitive not only to the pH of the bulk medium but also the microenvironment around the probe. Hence, excited state proton transfer of carbazole has been well studied and exploited extensively to study the detail of microheterogeneous liquid environments like aqueous micelles, cyclodextrins etc. Effect of additive like urea has also been monitored via this photoreaction.
Keywords: Excited state proton transfer; carbazole; micelle; cyclodextrin; microheterogeneous environments
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MDPI and ACS Style

Chattopadhyay, N. Excited State Proton Transfer of Carbazole. A Convenient Way to Study Microheterogeneous Environments. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2003, 4, 460-480.

AMA Style

Chattopadhyay N. Excited State Proton Transfer of Carbazole. A Convenient Way to Study Microheterogeneous Environments. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2003; 4(7):460-480.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chattopadhyay, Nitin. 2003. "Excited State Proton Transfer of Carbazole. A Convenient Way to Study Microheterogeneous Environments." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 4, no. 7: 460-480.

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