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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2003, 4(5), 263-271; doi:10.3390/i4050263
Article

Electric Multipole Moments and (Hyper)Polarizability of X–C≡C–X, X = F, Cl, Br and I

*  and
Department of Chemistry, University of Patras, GR-26500 Patras, Greece
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 August 2002 / Accepted: 31 October 2002 / Published: 15 April 2003
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Abstract

We have calculated self-consistent field (SCF) and second-order Møller-Plesset perturbation theory (MP2) for the dihaloethynes X–C≡C–X, X = F, Cl, Br and I. All calculations have been performed with carefully optimized, flexible basis sets of gaussiantype functions. Our best values for the quadrupole moment (Θ/ea02) are -0.6524 (FCCF), 3.6612 (ClCCCl), 5.8143 (BrCCBr) and 8.3774 (ICCI). The dipole polarizability is strongly anisotropic. For the mean (α /e2a02Eh-1) and the anisotropy (Δα/e2a02Eh-1) we obtain 23.58 and 15.09 (FCCF), 51.75 and 48.30 (ClCCCl), 66.53 and 60.04 (BrCCBr), 93.79 and 78.91 (ICCI). The mean dipole hyperpolarizability (γ /e4a04Eh-3) increases rapidly as 2932 (FCCF), 9924 (ClCCCl), 17409 (BrCCBr) and 35193 (ICCI). The transversal component of the hyperpolarizability is larger than the longitudinal one for FCCF, γxxxx > γzzzz but this is reversed for the other molecules in the series. Difluoroethyne is less (hyper)polarizable than ethyne.
Keywords: Dihaloethynes; polarizability; hyperpolarizability; multipole moments Dihaloethynes; polarizability; hyperpolarizability; multipole moments
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).
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Maroulis, G.; Xenides, D. Electric Multipole Moments and (Hyper)Polarizability of X–C≡C–X, X = F, Cl, Br and I. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2003, 4, 263-271.

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