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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19(7), 1998; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms19071998

Evaluation of the Use of TRIzol-Based Protein Extraction Approach for Gel-Based Proteomic Analysis of Dried Seafood Products and Chinese Tonic Foods

School of Science and Technology, The Open University of Hong Kong, HKSAR, Hong Kong, China
These authors contributed equally to this work.
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Received: 21 May 2018 / Revised: 30 June 2018 / Accepted: 6 July 2018 / Published: 9 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Collection Advances in Proteomic Research)
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Abstract

Although the emergence of gel-free approaches has greatly enhanced proteomic studies, two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) remains one of the most widely used proteomic techniques for its high resolving power, relatively low cost, robustness, and high resolution. Preparation of high-quality protein samples remains the key in high-quality 2-DE for proteomic analysis. Samples with high endogenous levels of interfering molecules, such as salts, nucleic acids, lipids, and polysaccharides, would yield a low-quality 2-DE gel and hinder the analysis. Recently, a TRIzol-based protein extraction method has gained prominence and has attracted attention due to its promising performance in high-quality 2-DE. The authors evaluate the use of this approach for four valuable dried food products, namely two dried seafood products (abalone slices and whelk slices) and two traditional Chinese tonic foods (ganoderma and caterpillar fungus). The results indicate that 2-DE gels obtained through the TRIzol-based method are of high-quality and are comparable to those obtained through the trichloroacetic acid–acetone method in terms of spot number, spot intensity, and resolution. The TRIzol-based method is generally applicable to dried food samples and is simple and fast, which greatly streamlines the protein extraction procedure. Additionally, it enables the concurrent extraction and analysis of RNA, DNA, and protein from the same sample. View Full-Text
Keywords: protein extraction; TRIzol; two-dimensional gel electrophoresis protein extraction; TRIzol; two-dimensional gel electrophoresis
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Chan, K.-K.; Kwok, C.S.-N.; Sze, E.T.-P.; Lee, F.W.-F. Evaluation of the Use of TRIzol-Based Protein Extraction Approach for Gel-Based Proteomic Analysis of Dried Seafood Products and Chinese Tonic Foods. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 1998.

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