Blooming of Unusual Cytochrome P450s by Tandem Duplication in the Pathogenic Fungus Conidiobolus coronatus
AbstractWhile the Zygomycete fungus Conidiobolus coronatus primarily infects insects, it can be pathogenic to mammals as well, including humans. High variability in the treatment of this fungal infection with currently available drugs, including azole drugs is a very common phenomenon. Azoles bind to the cytochrome P450 monooxygenases (P450s/CYP) including CYP51, a sterol 14-α-demethylase, inhibiting the synthesis of cell membrane ergosterol and thus leading to the elimination of infecting fungi. Despite P450’s role as a drug target, to date, no information on C. coronatus P450s has been reported. Genome-wide data mining has revealed the presence of 142 P450s grouped into 12 families and 21 subfamilies in C. coronatus. Except for CYP51, the remaining 11 P450 families are new (CYP5854-CYP5864). Despite having a large number of P450s among entomopathogenic fungi, C. coronatus has the lowest number of P450 families, which suggests blooming P450s. Further analysis has revealed that 79% of the same family P450s is tandemly positioned, suggesting that P450 tandem duplication led to the blooming of P450s. The results of this study; i.e., unravelling the C. coronatus P450 content, will certainly help in designing experiments to understand P450s’ role in C. coronatus physiology, including a highly variable response to azole drugs with respect to P450s. View Full-Text
- Supplementary File 1:
Supplementary (PDF, 1603 KB)
Share & Cite This Article
Ngwenya, M.L.; Chen, W.; Basson, A.K.; Shandu, J.S.; Yu, J.-H.; Nelson, D.R.; Syed, K. Blooming of Unusual Cytochrome P450s by Tandem Duplication in the Pathogenic Fungus Conidiobolus coronatus. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 1711.
Ngwenya ML, Chen W, Basson AK, Shandu JS, Yu J-H, Nelson DR, Syed K. Blooming of Unusual Cytochrome P450s by Tandem Duplication in the Pathogenic Fungus Conidiobolus coronatus. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2018; 19(6):1711.Chicago/Turabian Style
Ngwenya, Mathula L.; Chen, Wanping; Basson, Albert K.; Shandu, Jabulani S.; Yu, Jae-Hyuk; Nelson, David R.; Syed, Khajamohiddin. 2018. "Blooming of Unusual Cytochrome P450s by Tandem Duplication in the Pathogenic Fungus Conidiobolus coronatus." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 19, no. 6: 1711.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.