Phosphatidylcholine Membrane Fusion Is pH-Dependent
AbstractMembrane fusion mediates multiple vital processes in cell life. Specialized proteins mediate the fusion process, and a substantial part of their energy is used for topological rearrangement of the membrane lipid matrix. Therefore, the elastic parameters of lipid bilayers are of crucial importance for fusion processes and for determination of the energy barriers that have to be crossed for the process to take place. In the case of fusion of enveloped viruses (e.g., influenza) with endosomal membrane, the interacting membranes are in an acidic environment, which can affect the membrane’s mechanical properties. This factor is often neglected in the analysis of virus-induced membrane fusion. In the present work, we demonstrate that even for membranes composed of zwitterionic lipids, changes of the environmental pH in the physiologically relevant range of 4.0 to 7.5 can affect the rate of the membrane fusion notably. Using a continual model, we demonstrated that the key factor defining the height of the energy barrier is the spontaneous curvature of the lipid monolayer. Changes of this parameter are likely to be caused by rearrangements of the polar part of lipid molecules in response to changes of the pH of the aqueous solution bathing the membrane. View Full-Text
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Akimov, S.A.; Polynkin, M.A.; Jiménez-Munguía, I.; Pavlov, K.V.; Batishchev, O.V. Phosphatidylcholine Membrane Fusion Is pH-Dependent. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 1358.
Akimov SA, Polynkin MA, Jiménez-Munguía I, Pavlov KV, Batishchev OV. Phosphatidylcholine Membrane Fusion Is pH-Dependent. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2018; 19(5):1358.Chicago/Turabian Style
Akimov, Sergey A.; Polynkin, Michael A.; Jiménez-Munguía, Irene; Pavlov, Konstantin V.; Batishchev, Oleg V. 2018. "Phosphatidylcholine Membrane Fusion Is pH-Dependent." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 19, no. 5: 1358.
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