The Balance of Th17 versus Treg Cells in Autoimmunity
AbstractT helper type 17 (Th17) cells and pTreg cells, which share a common precursor cell (the naïve CD4 T cell), require a common tumor growth factor (TGF)-β signal for initial differentiation. However, terminally differentiated cells fulfill opposite functions: Th17 cells cause autoimmunity and inflammation, whereas Treg cells inhibit these phenomena and maintain immune homeostasis. Thus, unraveling the mechanisms that affect the Th17/Treg cell balance is critical if we are to better understand autoimmunity and tolerance. Recent studies have identified many factors that influence this balance; these factors range from signaling pathways triggered by T cell receptors, costimulatory receptors, and cytokines, to various metabolic pathways and the intestinal microbiota. This review article summarizes recent advances in our understanding of the Th17/Treg balance and its implications with respect to autoimmune disease. View Full-Text
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Lee, G.R. The Balance of Th17 versus Treg Cells in Autoimmunity. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 730.
Lee GR. The Balance of Th17 versus Treg Cells in Autoimmunity. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2018; 19(3):730.Chicago/Turabian Style
Lee, Gap R. 2018. "The Balance of Th17 versus Treg Cells in Autoimmunity." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 19, no. 3: 730.
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