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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19(2), 625; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms19020625

Altered Expression of Ganglioside Metabolizing Enzymes Results in GM3 Ganglioside Accumulation in Cerebellar Cells of a Mouse Model of Juvenile Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis

1
Center for Membrane Proteomics, Goethe University of Frankfurt, 60438 Frankfurt am Main, Germany
2
Institute of Biochemistry, Medical Faculty, University of Giessen, Friedrichstrasse 24, 35292 Giessen, Germany
3
Department of Pharmacology, University of Oxford, Mansfield Road, Oxford OX1 3QT, UK
4
Center for Genomic Medicine, Department of Neurology, Massachusetts General Hospital Research Institute, Harvard Medical School, 185 Cambridge Street, Boston, MA 02114, USA
Present Address: School of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, BioSciences Insitute, University College Cork, Cork T12YT20, Ireland.
§
Present Address: Division of Endocrinology, Department of Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, 650 Charles E Young Drive S, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.
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Present Address: Image Computing & Information Technologies, Kapersburgstrasse, 12 60437 Frankfurt, Germany.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 February 2018 / Revised: 18 February 2018 / Accepted: 19 February 2018 / Published: 22 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Molecular Features of Lysosomal Storage Disorders)
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Abstract

Juvenile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (JNCL) is caused by mutations in the CLN3 gene. Most JNCL patients exhibit a 1.02 kb genomic deletion removing exons 7 and 8 of this gene, which results in a truncated CLN3 protein carrying an aberrant C-terminus. A genetically accurate mouse model (Cln3Δex7/8 mice) for this deletion has been generated. Using cerebellar precursor cell lines generated from wildtype and Cln3Δex7/8 mice, we have here analyzed the consequences of the CLN3 deletion on levels of cellular gangliosides, particularly GM3, GM2, GM1a and GD1a. The levels of GM1a and GD1a were found to be significantly reduced by both biochemical and cytochemical methods. However, quantitative high-performance liquid chromatography analysis revealed a highly significant increase in GM3, suggesting a metabolic blockade in the conversion of GM3 to more complex gangliosides. Quantitative real-time PCR analysis revealed a significant reduction in the transcripts of the interconverting enzymes, especially of β-1,4-N-acetyl-galactosaminyl transferase 1 (GM2 synthase), which is the enzyme converting GM3 to GM2. Thus, our data suggest that the complex a-series gangliosides are reduced in Cln3Δex7/8 mouse cerebellar precursor cells due to impaired transcription of the genes responsible for their synthesis. View Full-Text
Keywords: Batten disease; neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis; CLN3; lysosomal storage disorders; glycosphingolipids; gangliosides Batten disease; neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis; CLN3; lysosomal storage disorders; glycosphingolipids; gangliosides
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Somogyi, A.; Petcherski, A.; Beckert, B.; Huebecker, M.; Priestman, D.A.; Banning, A.; Cotman, S.L.; Platt, F.M.; Ruonala, M.O.; Tikkanen, R. Altered Expression of Ganglioside Metabolizing Enzymes Results in GM3 Ganglioside Accumulation in Cerebellar Cells of a Mouse Model of Juvenile Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 625.

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