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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19(2), 385; doi:10.3390/ijms19020385

A Simple Method to Reduce both Lactic Acid and Ammonium Production in Industrial Animal Cell Culture

Current address: Kite, a Gilead Company, Santa Monica, CA 90404, USA
Amgen Bioprocessing Center, Keck Graduate Institute, Claremont, CA 91711, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 December 2017 / Revised: 16 January 2018 / Accepted: 23 January 2018 / Published: 28 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recombinant Proteins)
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Fed-batch animal cell culture is the most common method for commercial production of recombinant proteins. However, higher cell densities in these platforms are still limited due to factors such as excessive ammonium production, lactic acid production, nutrient limitation, and/or hyperosmotic stress related to nutrient feeds and base additions to control pH. To partly overcome these factors, we investigated a simple method to reduce both ammonium and lactic acid production—termed Lactate Supplementation and Adaptation (LSA) technology—through the use of CHO cells adapted to a lactate-supplemented medium. Using this simple method, we achieved a reduction of nearly 100% in lactic acid production with a simultaneous 50% reduction in ammonium production in batch shaker flasks cultures. In subsequent fed-batch bioreactor cultures, lactic acid production and base addition were both reduced eight-fold. Viable cell densities of 35 million cells per mL and integral viable cell days of 273 million cell-days per mL were achieved, both among the highest currently reported for a fed-batch animal cell culture. Investigating the benefits of LSA technology in animal cell culture is worthy of further consideration and may lead to process conditions more favorable for advanced industrial applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: lactic acid; ammonium; animal cell culture; industrial; fed-batch; recombinant proteins lactic acid; ammonium; animal cell culture; industrial; fed-batch; recombinant proteins

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Freund, N.W.; Croughan, M.S. A Simple Method to Reduce both Lactic Acid and Ammonium Production in Industrial Animal Cell Culture. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 385.

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