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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19(1), 13; doi:10.3390/ijms19010013

Telomerase Inhibitors from Natural Products and Their Anticancer Potential

Food Science and Technology Program, Beijing Normal University–Hong Kong Baptist University United International College, Zhuhai 519087, China
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Received: 23 November 2017 / Revised: 10 December 2017 / Accepted: 19 December 2017 / Published: 21 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Role of Telomeres and Telomerase in Cancer and Aging)
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Abstract

Telomeres and telomerase are nowadays exploring traits on targets for anticancer therapy. Telomerase is a unique reverse transcriptase enzyme, considered as a primary factor in almost all cancer cells, which is mainly responsible to regulate the telomere length. Hence, telomerase ensures the indefinite cell proliferation during malignancy—a hallmark of cancer—and this distinctive feature has provided telomerase as the preferred target for drug development in cancer therapy. Deactivation of telomerase and telomere destabilization by natural products provides an opening to succeed new targets for cancer therapy. This review aims to provide a fundamental knowledge for research on telomere, working regulation of telomerase and its various binding proteins to inhibit the telomere/telomerase complex. In addition, the review summarizes the inhibitors of the enzyme catalytic subunit and RNA component, natural products that target telomeres, and suppression of transcriptional and post-transcriptional levels. This extensive understanding of telomerase biology will provide indispensable information for enhancing the efficiency of rational anti-cancer drug design. View Full-Text
Keywords: telomere; telomerase inhibitors; natural products; anticancer telomere; telomerase inhibitors; natural products; anticancer
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Ganesan, K.; Xu, B. Telomerase Inhibitors from Natural Products and Their Anticancer Potential. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 13.

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